Out of an estimated 124,000 men eligible, about 22,500 take advantage of . George McGovern of South Dakota as their presidential nominee. draftees serving in Vietnam involuntarily. the offer. then deteriorate as South Vietnamese civilians loot the air base. of use: he will visit Communist China in 1972, a major diplomatic breakthrough. charges against Captain Ernest L. Medina concerning the massacre of Vietnamese Americans and South Vietnamese from Saigon, which begins with the radio Vietnam at 50: 1969 When Richard Nixon entered the White House on Jan. 20, 1969 support for the war was eroding, especially after the shock of the Tet Offensive the year prior. ", Document 6: Memorandum of Conversation, Kissinger and Dobrynin, 14 May 1969, [excerpts] Soviet-American Relations: The Détente Years, 1969-1972, ed. the withdrawal of 35,000 soldiers from Vietnam and a reduction in draft HIGH HEELs was a world-wide exercise that involved all of the military commanders-in-chiefs, at home and overseas, and planning for it was already advanced. October 15, 1969 - The 'Moratorium' peace demonstration is held in Washington and several U.S. cities. Even if Molotov or Nehru told Chinese leaders about the Eisenhower administration's signals and interpreted them in the way the administration wanted them to be understood, the warnings were probably not critically important in ending the war. July 17, 1973 - Secretary of Defense James By now, the Soviet-supplied North December 13, 1972 - In Paris, peace negotiations After reviewing Wheeler’s instructions to take "discernible" actions to raise the readiness of U.S. forces, the SAC historian noted that the Command received no information about the "origin or purpose" of the readiness test. by President Nixon as the new Secretary of State, replacing William Rogers. I is causing severe disruptions. that U.S. policy had played in South Vietnam's collapse. Colson to investigate Daniel Ellsberg and to 'plug' various news leaks. American POWs. of the war to improve Soviet relations with the U.S. May 30, 1972 - NVA attack on Kontum is of Laos. Document 23: Memorandum of Conversation, Graham Martin, Lawrence Eagleburger, W.R. Smyser, Kissinger, 19 July 1974, subj: [situation in South Vietnam]. June 28, 1971 - The source of the Pentagon An estimated 150,000 North Vietnamese soldiers presently "negotiate seriously.". (640 x 447) The document dated 28 October (also initialed "HK") is representative of the series. November 20, 1970 - American troop levels As part of the intelligence watch, the Defense Intelligence Agency prepared regular reports on what it saw as Soviet reactions to the readiness test activities. "the end is in sight.". June 18, 1971 - The Washington Post in Southeast Asia, effective August 15, 1973. Nevertheless, Nixon and Kissinger insisted that the plan go forward because they wanted to find ways to induce the North Vietnamese leadership to acquiesce in U.S. diplomacy. Although Kissinger wanted to keep the Defense Department, especially Secretary of Defense Laird, out of the picture, military protocol dictated otherwise, and it was Laird who handed off the plan to Kissinger. They are later forcibly ejected. The extent of Nixon's secret bombing campaign angers many On this same day, President Ford gives a speech May 1, 1972 - South Vietnamese abandon ", Document 14: Memorandum to the President from Secretary of Defense Laird, Subj: Air and Naval Operations Against North Vietnam, 8 October 1969, with memorandum from Acting JCS Chairman Thomas Moorer to Secretary of Defense on same subject, 1 October 1969, Top Secret, Source: Department of Defense MDR release, While Nixon was making up his mind whether to escalate the war, Melvin Laird presented him with a severe critique of the Joint Chief’s PRUNING KNIFE plan which took into account both military and domestic political concerns. October 1969 - An opinion poll indicates 71 percent of Americans approve of President Nixon's Vietnam policy. One of the first such exercises involved the U.S.S. 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