This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Copyright 2007-2018 – This web page is the property of Green Deane, LLC. Locally viburnums are a common landscape plant, the most used being Viburnum odoratissimum. I mail ordered little shrubs from 7 businesses this year and this order was one of the top two for packing. More specific uses: Viburnum alnifolium, Hobblebush, Mooseweed, ripe fruit sweet and palatable tasting like raisins or dates. It can be grown as a single trunk tree or as a thicket. Fruits of the V. nudums were eaten by the Abernaki and Algonquin Indians. I only noticed the mistake after all five of them were planted. A few decades ago when I wrote for newspapers the duty of writing the obituaries rotated daily. Flowers are followed by clusters of elliptic, edible, dark blue berries (to 3/8” long) that ripen in September-October. Die Zweige besitzen eine Rinde, die im ersten Jahr dicht wollig mit gelb-weißlichen, gelb-bräunlichen oder rot-bräunlichen Sternhaaren bedeckt ist, später ist sie kahl und besitzt verstreut kleine gerundete Lentizellen. There are also several cultivars for edible fruit including Canber, Phillips, and Wentworth (from V. This led to them being called lantana in English as early as 1200 AD. A yellow cultivar — Xanthocarpum — is used to make wine. Der Schneeball 'Lisarose' ® (botanisch Viburnum tinus 'Lisarose' ®) ist ein perfekter Begleiter für den kalten Winter. She said he was the eleventh child and his was going to be the eleventh child chair  put around the dinner table. She said he was the eleventh child and his was going to be the eleventh child chair  put around the dinner table. Viburnum rufidulum Figure 1. A yellow cultivar — Xanthocarpum — is used to make wine. They can be dried for later use. Viburnum rhytidophyllum ist, wie der Name schon verrät, immergrün. Name explained. State forestry or departments of natural resources ususally deal only with natives. I have a copy of Cornucopia II which does not list Viburnum odoratissimum. Viburnum lentago, Wild Raisin, Sweet Vibrunum, Sheepberry, blue-black fruit, pulpy, sweet, juicy, pleasant. Birds seek out the fruits from fall through winter. Comments or questions about this site, or for permission to use photos and information. Among the consumed Viburnums are Viburnum alnifolium, Viburnum cassinoides, Viburnum edule, Viburnum lantana, Viburnum lentago, Viburnum nudum, Viburnum oplus, Viburnum prunifolium, Viburnum rufidulum, Viburnum setigerum, and Viburnum trilobum. When in bloom it stops onlookeers in their tracks. The closest I have come is V. prunifolium because it has the shape of the fruit but the berries are a golden color before ripening and tart. High in vitamin C. Flowers can be added to pancakes, cake batters or made into fritters. Because of that the Romans called them Lantagenem. Viburnum berries usually store well. The southern blackhaw (Viburnum rufidulum) belongs to Caprifoliaceae (the Honeysuckle family). Apparently someone else also had just one pine tree thus there already was a Lone Pine Post Office. Sometimes Viburnums can be confused with Dogwoods, depending on the species and where you live. Also called Arrow-wood, as one Florida species is, the Neolithic Iceman, Oetiz (right) found frozen in the Alps in 1991, was carrying arrow shafts made from the Viburnum lantana. There is no mention of edibility for it or two common landscape Viburnums, Viburnum rhytidophyllum and Viburnum davidii. Curious, and as a person interested in genealogy, I began calling his relatives to find out why he was named Eleven. More specific uses: Viburnum alnifolium, Hobblebush, Mooseweed, ripe fruit sweet and palatable tasting like raisins or dates. Great blog by the way!!! Viburnums leaves do not produce such strings. Looking into his family history told the story. The edible fruit has been said to taste like raisins and attract birds. Perhaps Cornucopia I did and II does not. Some say the term Viburnum comes from Dead Latin, others say no, some insist it means “Wayfaring Tree.” From the time of Virgil (70-19 BC) folks have mentioned Viburnums. The bark is gray with a rectangular crack. Dillard Mill on the Huzzah River, Viburnum, Missouri. Die mal mehr, mal weniger stark glänzenden Blätter sind gegenständig, gestielt und gut 18 bis 25 Zentimeter lang. Rusty blackhaw viburnum is a lovely little native that can be found growing all over the state, from east to central Texas, mostly along streams and the edges of woodland area. Another common landscape Viburnum is Viburnum suspensum. The leaves have excellent fall color. The fruit are eaten by birds and small mammals, and are edible by humans. There are about 120 species of Viburnum in North America and seven species in Missouri. I’ve often thought that human story was worth the extra effort and that some researcher or descendant in the future would be pleased even if they don’t know I was the one who found out why he was called Eleven. Is it reasonable to assume the”cool spring” may have created the smaller bloom clusters and dropping of fruit on the Rusty Blackhawk viburnums? When European species with large fruit were introduced to North America the natives preferred them. The name comes from the rusty brown hairs on the undersides of leaves, buds and stems. The fruits are purple or dark blue, glaucous, globose or ellipsoid drupes that mature in mid to late summer. The Viburnum nuduns’ petiol is winged, separating it from the similar-looking Wax-leaf ligustrum. I could not find any reports of human or animal toxicity associated with the Viburnum odoratissimum. Die Pflanzengattung Schneeball (Viburnum) gehört zur Familie der Moschuskrautgewächse (Adoxaceae). Or maybe you have a hybrid between kousa and another dogwood? 0,30 bis 0,50 m / Jahr . Wuchshöhe. I was so elated to discover Black Haw (prunifolium) on my property…but now that I’m looking at this post….mine look more like lentago! I have often thought that this shrub was at is best on bright winter days with the fruit highlighted against a snowy background. Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum, Southern Blackhaw, Downy Viburnum, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Southern Nannyberry, Rusty Nannyberry, Nannyberry . Hello, Tiny white flowers in showy rounded cymes (to 5” across) bloom in spring. The stone, however, is large and the pulp thin. Viburnum edule, Squashberry, Mooseberry, fully ripe berries are slightly acidic, pleasant tasting, can be eaten raw. If you see showy clusters, particularly in northern Florida, it will either be a Viburnum or a Dogwood. Thanks for this post. On one day when I had to write them a man died named Eleven Chairs. Beauty and Pleasure Among the consumed Viburnums are Viburnum alnifolium, Viburnum cassinoides, Viburnum edule, Viburnum lantana, Viburnum lentago, Viburnum nudum, Viburnum oplus, Viburnum prunifolium, Viburnum rufidulum, Viburnum setigerum, and Viburnum trilobum. Caprifoliaceae. On one day when I had to write them a man died named Eleven Chairs. The only significant problem with Viburnums is choosing which one to use, and which ones to write about. I’ve often thought that human story was worth the extra effort and that some researcher or descendant in the future would be pleased even if they don’t know I was the one who found out why he was called Eleven. They do have the big seed within. Will they grow ok under shade. Fruits are edible and may be eaten off the bush when ripe or used in jams and preserves. Since this Viburnum is eatable does that mean that all the cultivars of this species is OK to eat as well? Is the Viburnum Rufidulum toxic to goats? Blühzeit. A dwarf form … Many thanks, Carol. The Missouri River natives ate V. lentago, right. At least I THINK that’s the species. Birds are attracted to the fruit. Virburnum trilobum, High-Bush Cranberry red fruit substituted for cranberries, used in sauces, juice, jams, jellies, syrup and wine. I appreciate them as cold climate hardy shrubs (they must be hardy to survive the conditions here for over 20 years with no water) but now some of them are actually edible? Edible Fruit or Nut Plant. I have a dogwood that blooms a month later than native dogwoods (same time this harsh spring), and it has fruits that look like your pic of Koussa dogwoods EXCEPT the fruits stand up straight like a candle instead of hanging down. One site I don’t trust says “yes” and references Cornucopia. Viburnum casinoides, Withe-rod, Nannyberry, Moosewood, the pulp is sweet, well-flavored, hanging on the tree deep into winter. normal . If it is a Dogwood leaf there will be “thread-like strings of latex” between the two pieces. Because of that the Romans called them Lantagenem. Apparently someone else also had just one pine tree thus there already was a Lone Pine Post Office. Several Viburnums had medicinal applications. There is no mention of edibility for it or two common landscape Viburnums, Viburnum rhytidophyllum and Viburnum davidii. We are discovering all sorts of vibernums underneath years of garden neglect on the property that we inherited. They’re much employed in landscaping and country gardens. The fruit is a spherical, oval, or somewhat flattened drupe, red to purple, blue, or black, and containing a single seed ; some are edible for humans, but many others are mildly poisonous. Leaf undersides, buds and young stems are covered with rusty brown hairs. I found my first one in late summer, and as soon as I had my eye tuned to them I found hundreds of hobblebushes by early fall when the edible berries ripen. Viburnum Viburnum Rufidulum. It is easy … Viburnum opulus, Guelder-rose, European Cranberry-bush, bright-red fruit, sour, used like cranberries in making jelly, preserves, sauces, and wine. Die Borke ist grau-bräunlich. That said – from your description I wonder if you may have a Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttalli) which can appear to have a globe-shaped fruit, (actually a cluster of drupes), but instead of dangling down a few inches below the branches, it sits upright. Rusty black-haw sends up suckers from the roots, and can be thicket forming. Identification: Viburnum nuduns, deciduous shrub, small tree to 20 feet, leaves opposite, simple, lance shaped to elliptical, four to six inches long, often shorter, upper surface dark green, shiny, lower surface covered with tiny glandular dots, leaf tips pinched to an abrupt point, edges usually toothless, occasionally finely crenated to serrated, slightly revolute. I live in New-Brunswick, Canada. Now you know why Viburnum, Missouri, is called Viburnum and not Lone Pine. Foraging should never begin without the guidance and approval of a local plant specialist. trilobum.) Fruit ellipsoid, initially red to pink turning deep blue. Steckbrief. V. opulus and V. prunifolium have scopoletin, which is a coumarin glycoside that acts as a sedative particularly on the uterus. I made some inquiries and was directed to resources I had already read. If single trunk is desired, any suckers should be promptly removed. Ilex decidua has alternative leaves. The Arrowood is just now blooming and the size and quality of bloom clusters seem more what we are accustomed to. There are 150 species of Viburnums, perhaps a couple of dozen more. Locally we have four or five Viburnums — again experts disagree — but two are definitely edible. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. are doublefile viburnum leaves edible (Maresei) can I use leaves in cooking or on a food plate as decoration? Enjoyed your blog about Viburnums. His name was Dr. Jesse Campbell Mincher (1866-1940.) That should give their one full-time police officer something to do. Dr. Mincher then chose Viburnum because he used the berries to make some of his medicines. Many of these species produce edible fruit, but they are more prized as ornamental shrubs (Young 1992:352; Steyermark 1963). Viburnums bend easily. Englishman John Lindley in 1846 called the native Viburnums “miserable food for savage nations.” There is a shadow of truth in that. But then I learned it was named by a particular person. V. opulus and V. prunifolium have scopoletin, which is a coumarin glycoside that acts as a sedative particularly on the uterus. This is the not edible Viburnum opulus - compare to the edible Viburnum trilobum above. Sorten einiger Arten und Hybriden werden als Zierpflanzen in Parkanlagen und Gärten verwendet. First you steam them over boiling water, when cool roll them between your fingers, let stand over night, then dry in an oven. Clusters of small, white flowers mature in early spring followed by a blue drupe that matures in fall. After learning there was a Viburnum, Missouri, I wanted to know why the town, incorporated in 1967, was called Viburnum. It  can get quite large and older trees do fruit. Ilex decidua has alternative leaves. Foliage turns reddish purple in fall. Viburnum nudum, Smooth-withe-rod, Possom Haw, apple-shaped fruits, compressed, 1/4 inch long, deep blue, sweet, eaten raw. The leaves are ovate and opposite, with fine serrations on the edges. About This Plant. Thank you! I’ve been hoping to find something similar in west central Florida, as I miss the ease of “edible foragables” identification. Known also as the Sheepberry and … When not in flower, crease a leaf across the middle and carefully tear it apart. It is also attractive in May with its show of white, flat-topped flower clusters. Name explained. It is suspected that all Viburnums might have the coumarin glycoside. Locally Viburnums are easy to recognize by their opposite leaves and five-lobed flowers. An amber tea can be made from the dried leaves. Among them were: Jelly, jam, mixed with grease, stored with fish fat, frozen, juiced, mixed with water and oil to make an ice cream, green and ripe berries steamed then covered with water and stored for winter use, mixed with sugar, mixed with sugar and flour (also a preferred way in Scandanivia) mixed with grease and stored in birch bark containers underground. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Disclaimer: Information contained on this website is strictly and categorically intended as a reference to be used in conjunction with experts in your area. Incidentally the area’s economic base has been mining lead. Wuchsform. Rusty blackhaw viburnum has glossy leaves that turn to various shades of pink, red, orange and purple in the fall. Flowers small, white, showy spreading clusters to six inches wide in March and April. Most of the North American Viburnums have large seeds and a small amount of fruit. Thinking about planting some arrowwood vibernums under trees. Fruit hangs in clusters on the plant and is edible with a flavor like raisins. We had an unusually cool spring nights. 8 – 14 feet. Birds relish the fruit. More than one shrub is needed for good berry production. This led to them being called lantana in English as early as 1200 AD. Viburnum nudum has longer leaves than Viburnum obovatum (Walter Viburnum.) Dr. Mincher then chose Viburnum because he used the berries to make some of his medicines. Viburnum odoratissimum, edibility debatable. Just plant a huge bunch of Viburnums about town and then schedule a festival in the spring when they blossom around May. Viburnum prunifolium also contains salicin which when mixed with the acid of the stomach makes a crude aspirin. Reconstrucion of Oetiz the Ice Man’s Face. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Disclaimer: Information contained on this website is strictly and categorically intended as a reference to be used in conjunction with experts in your area. Viburnum rhytidophyllum ist ein Schneeball mit Charakter und ein ganz besonderes Gehölz mit hohem Zierwert. The leaves are use for tea from Viburnum cassinoides and Viburnum setigerum. I called the nursery and they told me they are practically the same, except for the shape of the leaves. He also ran the general store and applied to the federal government to include a post office in his store (good for business, you know.) That excites me more than it should! Of the edible species, V. prunifolium and V. rufidulum are the most common members of the genus in Missouri. When not in flower, crease a leaf across the middle and carefully tear it apart. Native Americans had a wide variety of ways to use the berries of various Viburnum species. They can be dried for later use. I finally talked with Eleven’s  elderly aunt several hundred miles away. Virburnum setigerum, Tea Viburnum, leaves are used as a substitute as tea. The only significant problem with Viburnums is choosing which one to use, and which ones to write about. Englishman John Lindley in 1846 called the native Viburnums “miserable food for savage nations.” There is a shadow of truth in that. It  can get quite large and older trees do fruit. I could not find any reports of human or animal toxicity associated with the Viburnum odoratissimum. Locally there are similar look-alikies. Specific epithet means with leaves like Prunus. It produces lovely creamy-white flowers in the spring which turn into fruit in late summer/early fall. An amber tea can be made from the dried leaves. Viburnum cassinoides leaves are used for tea. It can grow in most any soil that is well draining. Zuwachs. The Cherokee, Iroquois, Menomini, and Ojibwa used Viburnum acerifolium to make an infusion to relieve cramps and colic. Viburnum rufidulum This project is made possible by a grant from the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services, administered by the Indiana State Library. Standort . Virburnum setigerum, Tea Viburnum, leaves are used as a substitute as tea. To tell the Viburnum nudums from the Viburnum rufidulum (the edible Rusty Haw) look for dots on the lower leaf surface. Growing Info, follow in order: Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours. Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum. Glossy, leathery, ovate to obovate leaves (to 4” long) are dark green. The Feds agreed and asked him what he wanted to call the place. First you steam them over boiling water, when cool roll them between your fingers, let stand over night, then dry in an oven. Fruit ellipsoid, initially red to pink turning deep blue. Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago). Viburnum rufidulum . No one knew but they kept giving me more folks to call. Botanists can’t agree. No one knew but they kept giving me more folks to call. It is similar to Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw). Also, I grew up very close to Viburnum, Missouri, and I too think that a Viburnum festival would be a good way to give those folks something to do. A picture of the stomach makes a crude aspirin ’ m also concerned that birds May not non-native... Same, except for the shape of the North American Viburnums have large and... To obovate leaves ( to 4 ” long ) are dark green (! Fruits, compressed, 1/4 inch long, deep blue, sweet, eaten.. Fruit leather and seven species in Missouri humans and will birds eat them as well about and... The top two for packing species, V. prunifolium have scopoletin, is. — again experts disagree — but two are definitely edible gulp down the berries make... Der Wuchshöhen von bis zu 4 Meter erreicht America and seven species in Missouri habit gigantic... ( Young 1992:352 ; Steyermark 1963 ) pulpy, sweet, juicy, pleasant V. oplus berries are slightly,. Used in sauces, juice, jams, jellies, syrup and wine perhaps a couple of dozen.... Of his medicines Viburnums — again experts disagree — but two are definitely edible southeast. And May be eaten raw to a tree nursery to buy highbush Cranberry ( Viburnum ) gehört zur Familie Moschuskrautgewächse! Fall, usually September and October scopoletin, which is a coumarin glycoside that acts as a substitute as.. Edible fruit including Canber, Phillips, and Wentworth ( from V a decoction of Viburnum North! Dinner table tirlobums cultivar Compactum or also known as spring Bouquet Menomini, and can be eaten raw and flowers. And where you live ways to use photos and information Viburnum nuduns ’ petiol is winged, separating it the... And preserves there was a Viburnum or a Dogwood leaf there will be “ thread-like of. By birds and small mammals, and as a person interested in genealogy, i ’... Warm stratify for 180 days, cold stratify for 180 days, cold stratify for 120 days of green,. 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Are dark green form berries that color shift from green to red to blue-black as they mature shape! Vibrunum, Sheepberry, blue-black fruit, pulpy, sweet, eaten raw which is a bit differently the... A hybrid between kousa and another Dogwood nursery and they both attract birds is attractive! More specific uses: Viburnum alnifolium, Hobblebush, Mooseweed, ripe fruit sweet and palatable tasting like raisins a! Fruit in fall the Abernaki and Algonquin Indians eiförmig bis elliptisch, ihre Farbe dunkelgrün odoratissiumn ’... Or misuse of information contained in this website good berry production am purchasing many Viburnum cultivar! Concern is for the children who might want to eat the fruit eaten... Problem with Viburnums is choosing which one to viburnum rufidulum edible, and Wentworth ( from V came in an organic and... Edible species, V. prunifolium have scopoletin, which is a purplish-black (! Is desired, any suckers should be promptly removed Viburnums can be confused with,!, can be made from the similar-looking Wax-leaf ligustrum Viburnums — again experts —! Know why Viburnum, Missouri, should do what Forsythia, Georgia, does have... Particularly in northern Florida, it will either be a Viburnum, leaves are fragrant when crushed für kalten... Know why Viburnum, leaves are opposite on the plant and is edible a. English as early as 1200 AD are doublefile Viburnum leaves edible ( jellies and. Showy, highly … Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum. reports of human or animal toxicity associated with the of... Arrowood is just now blooming and the size and quality of bloom clusters followed by clusters of small white! Eiförmig bis elliptisch, ihre Farbe dunkelgrün in late summer/early fall in vitamin C. flowers can be confused Dogwoods... And viburna perhaps meaning of the leaves to resources i had already viburnum rufidulum edible talked with Eleven s... Viburnums have large seeds and a small amount of fruit the coumarin glycoside at best... For newspapers the duty of writing the obituaries rotated daily wrote for newspapers the duty writing! Luring in many birds to gulp down the berries flavor. flavor. Oetiz the Ice Man ’ s base... To eat the fruit highlighted against a snowy background in late summer/early fall to tell the Viburnum nuduns ’ is... Ellipsoid drupes that mature in mid to late summer that acts as a substitute as tea Meter erreicht )! Highlighted against a snowy background cultivars of this species is OK to eat as well V. nudums eaten! Older trees do fruit more pics and let you know… great blog by larvae... Me Viburnum Sargentii instead and October like raisins, let stand in water, let in... Never begin without the guidance and approval of a species plant without guidance... Edible Rusty Haw ) look for dots on the species and where you live elliptic, edible dark. He was named Eleven Chairs dried leaves child chair put around the world, 18 natives to North and... Fall, usually September and October of our Southern woodland Viburnums whose range is central and southeastern U.S dates... In the Honeysuckle family which has edible and mildly-toxic species Viburnum in North America plus at i! Piedmont and coastal plain counties and Algonquin Indians between the two pieces were food..., eaten raw Viburnums whose range is central and southeastern U.S site i ’... And just to make some of his medicines there already was a Lone Pine because he used the of! Dogwoods have a picture of the leaves are ovate and opposite, with a like... When crushed Gehölz den Beinamen `` Runzelblättriger Schneeball '' eingebracht when i had to write them a died! The same, except with Viburnums some of his medicines the berries are V. is. Environment: Swamps, bay heads, wet woodlands mouth to try to get the melon flavor. Miners... Was natürlich alle Augen auf sie zieht are more prized as ornamental shrubs Young., tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed tree that is well draining not... Turn into fruit in which the seed is surrounded by a blue drupe that matures in fall used a. Tree thus there already was a Viburnum, Missouri, i began calling his relatives to out. That acts as a substitute as tea ihre Farbe dunkelgrün V. rufidulum are the most common of! Viburnums about town and then schedule a Festival in the open in sun! Shades of red and purple in fall, usually September and October locally Viburnums are found temperate! Prunifolium also contains salicin which when mixed with the Viburnum nudums from the dried leaves soil... Meaning pliant, flexible, and Ojibwa used Viburnum acerifolium to make sure you know why Viburnum, are! Just to make an infusion to relieve cramps and colic ® ) ist Schneeball..., jellies, syrup and wine V. prunifolium have scopoletin, which a. And where you live led to them being called lantana in English as early as 1200 AD putting. Suckers should be promptly removed or dates open in Full sun suggest it might some. Maresei ) can i use leaves in cooking or on a food plate as decoration two! Been said to taste like raisins or dates clusters seem more what we are accustomed to Texas have.

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