Add word 100. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, (Sectional Elevation.) googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); The flora falls naturally into three great divisions: that of the Amazon basin where exceptional conditions of heat and moisture prevail; that of the coast where heat, varying rainfall, oceanic influences and changing seasons have greatly modified the general character of the vegetation; and that of the elevated interior, or sertao, where dryer conditions, rocky surfaces, higher sun temperatures and large open spaces produce a vegetation widely different from those of the other two regions. 19 examples: However, the effect of air temperature may be confounded by other factors… { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448834' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, gdpr: { Thus at high temperatures a helium thermometer is of no special advantage. The confines of the sun are visibly in a state of turmoil, for which a sufficient cause can be assigned in the relative readiness with which the outer portions part with heat to space, and so condensing produce a state of static instability, so that the outer surface of the sun in place of being fixed is continually circulating, portions at high temperatures rising rapidly from the depths to positions where they will part rapidly with their heat, and then, whether perceived or not, descending again. It is infusible at temperatures up to 2000° C., but can be fused in the electric arc. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, Experiments were made at several constant temperatures with varying magnetic fields, and also at constant fields with rising and falling temperatures. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, Observations were taken at mean temperatures of 102° C. and 54°C., with the following results: Cast iron at 102°C., k/c = 1296, c= 858, k = 1113. (noun) {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); From 1879 to 1888 he was engaged on difficult experimental investigations, which began with an inquiry into the corrections required, owing to the great pressures to which the instruments had been subjected, in the readings of the thermometers employed by the "Challenger" expedition for observing deep-sea temperatures, and which were extended to include the compressibility of water, glass and mercury. The aqueous solution of the acid is fairly stable at ordinary temperatures. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, There is no satisfactory record of temperatures and rainfall in these widely different climatic zones from which correct averages can be drawn and compared. If you become too hot or too cold, there are ways in which your body temperature can be controlled. 315. or more in the shade) is often experienced in summer, temperatures above 90° being very common. The errcrs from both causes increase more rapidly at higher temperatures. The energy required by different materials depends on their 'heat capacity' and 'latent heat'. How to use temperature in a sentence. of cod-banks from 22 to 90 2 At St Michael the mean annual temperature is about 26°, the monthly means run from about -2° to 54°, and the extreme recorded temperatures from about -55° to 77° F.; at Port Clarence the annual mean is 22°, monthly means -7° to 53° F.; extreme range of temperature, -38° to 77° F.; at Point Barrow the annual mean is 7.7° F., monthly means -18.6° to 38.1°F., extreme range of temperature -55° to 65° F. The mean annual temperature on the Yukon at the international line is about 21° F., the monthly means run from -17° to 60° F., the range of extreme temperatures from -80° to 90° F. 4 At Fort Yukon five years' records showed mean seasonal temperatures of 14°, 60°, 17°, and -23.8° F. These winds cause temperatures as low as 36°, but the mean reading, on an average of ten years, is 73°. The climate is continental and dry, the average temperatures being - year 43° Fahr., January 13°, July 72° at Uryupina (in 50° 48' N.; alt. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448835' }}, Thus its non-liability to freeze (when not absolutely anhydrous, which it practically never is when freely exposed to the air) and its nonvolatility at ordinary temperatures, combined with its power of always keeping fluid and not drying up and hardening, render it valuable as a lubricating agent for clockwork, watches, &c., as a substitute for water in wet gas-meters, and as an ingredient in cataplasms, plasters, modelling clay, pasty colouring matters, dyeing materials, moist colours for artists, and numerous other analogous substances which are required to be kept in a permanently soft condition. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_mobile_flex' }}, dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 50] }}, 'cap': true {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280], [1, 1]] } }, Keep up moderate temperatures in the stove, and merely repel frosts in the greenhouse, guarding against damp, by ventilation and by the cautious use of water. Climate thus guided affects the weathering of rocks, and so determines the kind and arrangement of soil. 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">, These words are often used together. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, But this procedure in itself is not sufficient, because, although it would be highly probable that a gas obeying Boyle's law at all temperatures was practically an ideal gas, it is evident that Boyle's law would be satisfied by any substance having the characteristic equation pv = f (0), where f (0) is any arbitrary function of 0, and that the scale of temperatures given by such a substance would not necessarily coincide with the absolute scale. }); Lisbon, Coimbra, Evora and Oporto have mean temperatures between 60° and 61.5° F., and the daily variation nowhere exceeds 23°. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = ex"); When roasting meat, remove it from the oven when it reaches the desired temperature, but don't remove the thermometer. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654151' }}, The northern parts as far south as the north shore of Lake Superior have long and cold but bright winters, sometimes with temperatures reaching 50° F. The city has a monument (1900) to John Gorrie (1803-1855), a physician who discovered the cold-air process of refrigeration in 1849 (and patented an ice-machine in 1850), as the result of experiments to lower the temperatures of fever patients. cit.) In 1830 he published a research, undertaken with Arago for the academy of sciences, on the elastic force of steam at high temperatures. dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); All the rest, when heated by themselves, volatilize, some at lower, others at higher temperatures. 10. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50], [1, 1]] } }, It all depends on the temperature and the light. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [336, 280] }}, Add thesaurus 100. The lowest temperatures are experienced in January, the average being as low as 20° to 5° Fahr. After this operation had been repeated a few times the iron was found to have acquired a stable condition, and the curves corresponding to the two temperatures became perfectly definite. It combines with fluorine with incandescence at ordinary temperatures, and with chlorine at 250-300°; carbon, silicon, and boron, when heated with it in the electric furnace, give crystals harder than the ruby. Humans control their internal environment in many ways. In connexion with these experiments he developed the electric furnace as a convenient means of obtaining very high temperatures in the laboratory; and by its aid he prepared many new compounds, especially carbides, silicides and borides, and melted and volatilized substances which had previously been regarded as infusible. Pure antimony is quite permanent in air at ordinary temperatures, but when heated in air or oxygen it burns, forming the trioxide. His name is most widely known in connexion with his work on the liquefaction of the so-called permanent gases and his researches at temperatures approaching the zero of absolute temperature. Similar words: temperature, temperature range, body temperature, room temperature, run a temperature, temperature rise, high temperature, curie temperature. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, Assuming this result to hold generally, we should have S=0.306 at o° C., which agrees with Rankine's view; but increasing very rapidly at higher temperatures to S =1.043 at 200° C., and 1.315 at 220° C. The characteristic equation, if SQ = constant, would be of the form (v+SQ) = Roil ', which does not agree with the well-known behaviour of other gases and vapours. sentence with Temperature Of. We learn also that solid solutions which exist at high temperatures often break up into two materials as they cool; for example, the bronze of fig. température should be in sentence. Alumina and lime, for example, which cannot be reduced at ordinary furnace temperatures, readily give up their oxygen to carbon in the electric furnace, and then combine with an excess of carbon to form metallic carbides. C. and including temperatures between 5 deg. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, It is readily polymerized, small quantities of hydrochloric acid, zinc chloride, carbonyl chloride, &c. converting it, at ordinary temperatures, into paraldehyde, (C 2 H 4 0) 3, a liquid boiling at 124° C. and of specific gravity o�998 (15° C.). name: "criteo" As a general rule, temperatures are highest in the W. The season, however, on account of the dryness of the climate, is not so harsh as the low temperatures would seem to indicate. Examples of 'temperature' in a sentence temperature. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [300, 250] }}, Although the foregoing account of the temperatures of Asia supplies the main outline of the observed phenomena, a very important modifying cause, of which more will be said hereafter, comes into operation over the whole of the tropical region, namely, the periodical summer rains. Troost made it available for specially high temperatures by employing porcelain vessels, sealing them with the oxyhydrogen blow-pipe, and maintaining a constant temperature by a vapour bath of mercury (3500), sulphur (4400), cadmium (860°) and zinc (1040°). English Translation of “réduire” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, These serve to modify the temperatures of the plateau, which is swept by cold winds at all seasons of the year. 'min': 31, Some of these results have been widely quoted, but they are far from consistent, and it may be doubted whether the difficulties of observing rapidly varying temperatures have been duly appreciated in many cases. The climate is continental and dry, the average temperatures at the town of Akmolinsk being for the year 35°, January 1.5°, July 70° rainfall, only 9 in. Heat and temperature are two different quantities. They also experimented with constant temperatures of -79°, -185° and -203', and found that at these low temperatures the effect of magnetization was enormously increased. The mean monthly temperatures vary between 20 in January and 70° in July, with extremes of loo° and - 25° The mean annual precipitation is 31.4 in. Unseasonably warm air temperatures meanwhile, likely boosted beverage sales during the month. As regards the higher temperatures, the chief point of interest is the observation that the curve of magnetization for annealed cobalt shows a small depression at about 450°, the temperature at which they had found the sign of the length-change to be reversed for all fields. Thus at o C. the viscosity of sea-water of 35 per mille salinity is 5.2% greater and at 25° C. 4% greater than that of pure water at the same temperatures; in absolute units the viscosity of sea-water at 25° C. is only half as great as it is at o C. How closely two bodies of water at different temperatures may come together is shown by the fact that in the Baltic in August between 10 and 11 fathoms there is sometimes a fall of temperature from 57° to 46.5° F. The warmest parts of the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific have a mean annual temperature of 82° to 84° F., but such high temperatures are not found in the tropical Atlantic. Homeostasis (homeo- = "like, resembling, of the same kind"; stasis = “standing still”) means to maintain body functions within specific livable ranges, adjusting to internal and external changes. Vote & Rate 5. High temperatures prevail throughout the greater part of the Magdalena and Cauca valleys, because the mountain ranges which enclose them shut out the prevailing winds. 'max': 8, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, At some points in the Upper Yukon valley the range of extreme temperatures is as great as from -75° to 90° F.3 The mean heat of summer in the upper valley is about 60° to 70° F., and at some points in the middle and lower valley even higher. Specimens of curves showing the relation of induction to magnetic field at various temperatures, and of permeability to temperature with fields of different intensities, are given in figs. At ordinary temperatures it is a gas, but may be condensed to a liquid which boils at - 6° C. It has a strong ammoniacal smell, burns readily and is exceedingly soluble in water. The cooling soon recommences and these crystals continue to form, but at lower and o°c lower temperatures because the still liquid part is becoming richer in B. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, Mould formation thus already begins at temperatures above the dew point temperature. Internal definition, situated or existing in the interior of something; interior. Taking the difference between the values of H for any two temperatures 1 " Latent Heat of Steam," Phil. Heated at 190-300° in a current of hydrogen it gives the oxide C0304, while at higher temperatures the monoxide is formed, and ultimately cobalt is obtained. 9. Experiments on the effect of high temperatures have also been made by M. Visit a page 5. Below 500 fathoms the western centres of maximum disappear, and higher temperatures occur in the eastern Atlantic off the Iberian peninsula and north-western Africa down to at least 1000 fathoms; at still greater depths temperature gradually becomes more and more uniform. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, May was less than a week old and the temperature was still volatile. (1) (b) Organ A stores glucose. Temperature is a measure of the internal energy of a system, while heat is a measure of how energy is transferred from one system (or body) to another, or, how temperatures in one system are raised or lowered by interaction with another. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, for different months, and with a range between the means of the coldest and warmest months of 10 (70° to 80°); temperatures below 50° or above 90° being rare. } Read more… The proteins will also stay intact for up to three years at room temperature. The laws of chemical combination are as follows: I. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, }); The acid on being heated to Ioo° C. loses water and is converted into metaboric acid, HBO 3 i at 140° C., pyroboric acid, H 2 B 4 0 7, is produced; at still higher temperatures, boron trioxide is formed. Between these extremes the following actual average temperatures have been observed at certain stations from north' to south which are appropriately grouped for the purpose of comparison (heights above sea-level following each name) Jockmock (850 ft.), at the foot of the lake-chain on the Little Lule River-29.7°; and Haparanda (30 ft.), at the head of the Gulf of Bothnia-32.4°. Temperatures sentence examples. } The coastal plain as far south as Santos is a region of high temperatures and great humidity. The absolute minima at these two places are respectively-46° and -29°; the absolute maxima, III ° and 1066°, and the mean annual temperatures, 42° and 46°. btScript.src = '//idmgroup-com.videoplayerhub.com/videoloader.js'; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, At ordinary temperatures it is a colourless gas, possessing a penetrating and suffocating smell. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448834' }}, Nevertheless, the west coast north of the Olifants river is practically rainless and there is great difference between day and night temperatures, this part of the coast sharing the characteristics of the interior plateau. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); 1 shows the constitution of these iron-carbon alloys for all temperatures and all percentages of carbon when the undissolved carbon exists as cementite, so there should be a diagram showing this constitution when all the undissolved carbon exists as graphite. If the plate is thin, it is necessary to measure the thickness with great care, and it is necessary to assume that the temperatures of the surfaces are the same as those of the media with which they are in contact, since there is no room to insert thermometers in the plate itself. This advantage is especially observed in some cases in which the charge of the furnace is liable to attack the containing vessel at high temperatures, as it is often possible to maintain the outer walls of the electric furnace relatively cool, and even to keep them lined with a protecting crust of unfused charge. googletag.cmd.push(function() { Winter temperatures as low as - 51° have been recorded, but these very low temperatures occur in the valleys rather than on the higher elevations. Step 2: temperature = (ADCW – 324.31) / 1.22; Add Tip Ask Question Comment Download. He is talking to Tom on the internal telephone. The metal oxidizes very slowly in dry air at ordinary temperatures, but somewhat more rapidly in moist air or when heated. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [300, 250] }}, 'increment': 0.01, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, on so small a charge of material sufficiently indicates that the furnace is only used for experimental work, or for the fusion of metals which, like tungsten or chromium, can only be melted at temperatures attainable by electrical means. iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, When prolonged heating is required at very high temperatures it is found necessary to line the furnace-cavity with alternate layers of magnesia and carbon, taking care that the lamina next to the lime is of magnesia; if this were not done the lime in contact with the carbon crucible would form calcium carbide and would slag down, but magnesia does not yield a carbide in this way. 4 But it has been shown that the critical temperatures of iron and nickel may be changed by the addition of certain other substances. How to use temperature in a sentence. Examples of température in a sentence Add a sentence Cancel. Another word for temperature. If the violet solution is allowed to evaporate slowly at ordinary temperatures the sulphate crystallizes out as Cr2(S04)3.15H20, but the green solution on evaporation leaves only an amorphous mass. The slider upon the rule serves to adjust the scale for different temperatures, and then indicates the strength of the spirit in percentages over or under proof. (3) For substances boiling at higher temperatures, or for any substance which reacts on mercury, Meyer's "air expulsion method" must be used. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 100] }}, var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); The temperatures at the head of the Persian Gulf approximate to those of northern India, and those of Aden to Madras. The midday temperatures recorded by Huber at Hail during January and the first half of February average about 65° F., and water froze on several nights; at Medina the winters are cold and night frosts of frequent occurrence, and these conditions prevail over all the western part of the Nejd plateau. When required for use they are removed to cool sheds to thaw, and are then gradually inured to higher temperatures. // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown The present article, as explained under Electrochemistry, treats only of those processes in which electricity is applied to the production of chemical reactions or molecular changes at furnace temperatures. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, By suitable modification in the proportions of the components, a series of alloys can be made which melt at various temperatures above the boiling point of water; for example, with 8 parts of bismuth, 8 of lead and 3 of tin the melting point is 123°, and with 8 of bismuth, 30 of lead and 24 of tin it is 172°. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, 25, p. 613), but both modifications may exist in metastable forms at higher and lower temperatures respectively; the rhombic form may be cooled down to ordinary temperature without changing, the transformation, however, being readily induced by a trace of the red modification, or by friction. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = ex-mcp"); Hypochlorites were made, at ordinary temperatures, and chlorates at higher temperatures, in a cell without a partition in which the cathode was placed horizontally immediately above the anode, to favour the mixing of the ascending chlorine with the descending caustic solution. The runners might encounter any kind of weather, including freezing temperatures, fog, rain, or snow. 208+22 sentence examples: 1. External causes become operative through internal causes. Operating an LED lamp in conditions that increase the internal temperature can greatly shorten the lamp's life. To take the simple case of the " wall " or flat plate considered by Fourier for the definition of thermal conductivity, suppose that a quantity of heat Q passes in the time T through an area A of a plate of conductivity k and thickness x, the sides of which are constantly maintained at temperatures B' and 8". The specific heat of steam was determined shortly afterwards by Regnault (Comptes Rendus, 36, p. 676) by condensing superheated steam at two different temperatures (about 125° and 225° C.) successively in the same calorimeter at atmospheric pressure, and taking the difference of the total heats observed. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Compound working permits of a greater range of expansion than is possible with a simple engine, and incidentally there is less range of pressure per cylinder, so that the pressures and temperatures per cylinder have not such a wide range of variation. Example sentences for: temperatures How can you use “temperatures” in a sentence? { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, News, 1891, 63, p. 1); just above the boiling point the vapour is orange-yellow, but on continued heating it darkens, being deep red at 50o; at higher temperatures it lightens, becoming straw-yellow at 650°. This Formula Has Since Been Very Generally Applied Over The Whole Range O° To 200° C., But The Experiments Could Not In Reality Give Any Information With Regard To The Specific Heat At Temperatures Below 100° C. The Linear Formula Proposed By J. All mixtures whose temperature lies above the line ACB are wholly liquid, hence this line is often called the "liquidus "; all mixtures at temperatures below that of the horizontal line through C are wholly solid, hence this line is sometimes called the " solidus," but in more complex cases the solidus is often curved.

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