Egypt (State religion) Iran (State religion) Iraq; Jordan; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Maldives (State religion) Mauritania; Morocco; Oman; Pakistan (State religion) Qatar; Saudi Arabia (Religion of the Kingdom) Somalia; Tunisia; United Arab Emirates (Religion of the Emirates) Yemen; Sunni Islam. Indonesia(except Aceh, see above) 8. Marshall Islands Which Countries Have State Religions? Among the 58 transitional countries, 12 had two transitions, 4 of which (former Soviet Republics in Asia) involved two forms of state religion. Christian churches receive preferential treatment in more than 28 countries than any other unofficial but favored faith. Taiwan In this case, countries that fall in this category can be said to maintain a clear separation of religion and state. We use a Hotelling spatial competition model to analyze the likelihood that the religion market would be monopolized. Macau Slovakia Sweden(after having a Lutheran state church up to 2000) 15. Rwanda There is also clear indication of an increase of countries with Islam as a state religion, concentrated in Central and South Asia. Iraq: 94%. Geopolitical Futures (GPF) was founded in 2015 by George Friedman, international strategist and author of The Storm Before the Calm and The Next 100 Years. Republic of Kosovo A new Pew Research analysis finds that 30 of the world’s countries (15%) belong to a unique group of nations that call for their heads of state to have a particular religious affiliation. Portugal Switzerland Cape Verde Finland Mexico North Korea From monarchies to republics, candidates (including descendants of royal monarchies) in these countries must belong to a specific religious group. Which countries have state religions? Only one country in sub-Saharan Africa is officially Christian: Zambia. Some allow the state religion to exist but are heavily persecuting all others. Curacao Comment. Download PDF: Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s): https://dash.harvard.edu/bitst... (external link) This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Kyrgyzstan Liechtenstein Vatican City State (Holy See) References. Libya Comoros Abstract: Among 188 countries, 72 had no state religion in 2000,1970, and 1900; 58 had a state religion throughout; and 58 had 1 or 2 transitions. GPF is non-ideological, analyzes the world and forecasts the future using geopolitics: political, economic, military and geographic dimensions at the foundation of a nation. Iran: 96%. The study concluded that state religion does indeed increase religious participation and belief. New Zealand Religion still plays a role in shaping communal worldviews, attitudes and politics around the world. Faroe Islands Among the 58 transitional countries, 12 had 2 transitions, 4 of which (former Soviet Republics in Asia) involved different forms of state religion. Not all use this as a means to oppress other religions within their borders, however. Paraguay Communism, for example, eliminated Orthodox Christianity as a state religion for many of the countries in the former Eastern bloc. Guatemala Sri Lanka Kazakhstan For example, the government allows the printing, import, and distribution of Buddhist religious material while restricting the publication of religious materials for most other religious groups. Cameroon Palau But often the distinction comes with tangible advantages in terms of legal or tax status, ownership of real estate or other property, and access to financial support from the state. Ecuador A small share of countries (5percent) have no official state religion or preferred religion but nonetheless maintain a highly restrictive or hostile relationship with some or all major religious groups in the country, strictly regulating religious institutions and practices. In addition, countries with state-endorsed (or “established”) faiths tend to more severely regulate religious practice, … 2 countries in the Americas – Costa Rica and the Dominican Republic – and one in the Asia-Pacific region – Tuvalu – have Christianity as their official state religion. O1, Z1, P5 ABSTRACT For 188 independent countries in 2000, 72 had no state religion in the years 2000, 1970, and 1900; 58 had a state religion at all three dates; and 58 had some kind of transition. Heard and Mc Donald Islands NBER Working Paper No. France, for instance, has no official or preferred religion, but it did have a “high” level of government restrictions on religion in 2015, according to Pew Research Center’s ongoing research on global religious restrictions. Some allow the state religion to exist but are heavily persecuting all others. Macedonia Indonesia Haiti The dominant religions in the country are Christianity and Hinduism. For example, the U.S. government gives tax exemptions to religious organizations under rules that apply equally to all denominations. A state religion (also called an official religion, establish. Pew Research analyzed data on religious affiliation within 232 countries and territories, organized into six major regions: Asia and the Pacific, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, the Middle East and North Africa, North America and sub-Saharan Africa. Vatican City: 94%. Greenland Among 188 countries, 72 had no state religion in 2000, 1970, and 1900; 58 had a state religion throughout; and 58 had 1 or 2 transitions. Turks & Caicos Islands Lesotho Saint Lucia Thirteen countries – including nine in Europe – are officially Christian, two (Bhutan and Cambodia) have Buddhism as their state religion, and one (Israel) is … 50 countries have state religions, but only the Jews cannot The ongoing worldwide condemnation of Israel’s Nation-State law paints a chilling picture of … Bahamas Czech Republic According to the research, just 13 countries of the 199 have endorsed Christianity or a particular Christian denomination as their state religion. Anguilla Belgium(even if it came multiple times under fire from ruling Catholics) 3. Sierra Leone The most interesting observations pertain to the countries where there were changes in state religion in this period. Similar forces influence a government’s decision to establish a state religion. Rachel McCleary and Robert Barro. No countries in Europe or the Americas have Islam as their official religion. Italy In some of these countries where religion is illegal not all faith is forbidden. Dominican Republic San Marino Countries that fall under this category exert a very high level of control over religious institutions in their countries or actively take a combative position toward religion in general. Abstract: Among 188 countries, 72 had no state religion in 2000, 1970, and 1900; 58 had a state religion throughout; and 58 had 1 or 2 transitions. Bahrain Saint Martin Democratic Republic of the Congo However, in some countries many or most of these are non … Robert Barro and Rachel M. McCleary. Vietnam 7 officially Islamic countries are in the Asia-Pacific region, including Bangladesh, Brunei, and Malaysia and there are 4 countries in sub-Saharan Africa where Islam is the state religion: Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritania, and Somalia. Algeria Although it may seem like the world is becoming less and less religious with every passing generation in the era of globalization, statistics reveal that this may actually not at all be the case. Iraq Sweden Canada The probability of having a state religion in 2000 or 1970 depends strongly on the status of state religion in 1900 but much more so for countries that experienced no major change in political regime during the 20th century. For 188 independent countries in 2000, 72 had no state religion in the years 2000, 1970, and 1900; 58 had a state religion at all three dates; and 58 had some kind of transition. Religion/State Relationship Country % Correct; Theocratic islamic government bans every other religion. American Samoa Solomon Islands Australia[note 1] 2. Botswana No 10438, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Abstract: For 188 independent countries in 2000, 72 had no state religion in the years 2000, 1970, and 1900; 58 had a state religion at all three dates; and 58 had some kind of transition. Central African Republic A slim majority (53%) of counties has no official or preferred religion, and 10 (5%) are hostile to religion, according to a report by the Washington-based Pew Research Center. Barbados International Callers: 1-512-687-3444. In the first 17 centuries or so, religion played an overwhelmingly political role not just in state governance but in international relations. In this case, however, it is not that these countries avoid any promotion or restriction of religious practice. Sixteen of these, including the United Kingdom , Australia, Canada and New Zealand, are members of the Commonwealth of Nations with Queen Elizabeth II – also known as the Defender of the Faith – as their head of state. Mozambique Serbia Bermuda “Which Countries Have State Religions?” Quarterly Journal of Economics (2005). Guinea-Bissau Scholarly Articles from Harvard University Department of Economics. Ukraine Lots of them. Interestingly, the Harvard study concluded that the identity of the main religion in question is irrelevant in terms of its effect on a country’s adherence: An increase in religiosity was observed across the board regardless of what the state religion was. Hong Kong Reunion

More than half the countries of the world have a majority who … The 10 Countries With the Most Religious Freedom, Ranked by Perception Respondents to the 2019 Best Countries survey say these nations offer the most religious …

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