Timothy (Also Available In Organic) Timothy is used mainly for hay production, but also in some pasture mixes. Colt matures faster than Climax, which has benefits in areas with short growing seasons. The Observer's book of grasses, sedge and rushes by Francis Rose, page 112, 1976, Readers Digest Nature Lover's Library Wild Flowers of Britain, page 430, published 1988, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timothy_(grass)&oldid=995222353, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 21:54. By using this site, you agree to the use of cookies by Flickr and our partners as described in our cookie policy. It is best adapted to cool, moist soils. Plants persist through the winter. Copyright © 2017 Pawnee Buttes Seed Inc. All rights reserved. Glossary Auricle A short extension of the leaf blade that wraps partway around the stem. Growing points stay below the ground line after a Timothy hay is a staple food for domestic pet rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, and degus, often making up the bulk of their diet. The leaf blade has a little crinkle in the middle. It grows in clumps and can reach over a metre high. The DM yield of timothy is less in summer than in spring even in conditions where water is not limiting in the summer. In 1999, with the owner retiring, General Seed was sold to employees. Awn A stiff, hair-like extension on some glumes. The best timothy grass seeds utilize timothy seeds with top genetics. Grass Species … However be aware that it can be slow in the first year of production. Timothy (Phleum pratense) is a cool-season perennial grass that was once widely cultivated as a hay crop. Colt also offers longer seed heads and leafier stems. Widely used to grow excellent horse hay. Seed at 8-10 lbs. Dead, straw-colored flowering stems may persist, but only for a short time, and are recognized by the distinctive spike-like inflorescence. Works well with. What does Timothy grass look like? Click the Banner Below to Learn More about the 2019 Grass Tour! Head shaped sack with grass on top over white background Climax Timothy Grass Seeds, 1 Pound 4.3 out of 5 stars 87. The spikelets of timothy are twin hornlike projections arranged in cylindrical panicles, whereas foxtail has a soft, single awn.[7]. Timothy makes an excellent companion grass for Alfalfa, Trefoil and Clover since it does not compete against Legumes. Teff is a warm season annual grass that requires a frost free growing season. Widely used to grow excellent horse hay. Dandelion on green grass background, seed head of Taraxacum. It is a member of the genus Phleum, consisting of about 15 species of annual and perennial grasses.. A 10 cm (4 in) stubble height should remain following grazing. Pick a seed head and compare it to this picture. DM yield is about 2-9 t/ha depending on the stage of maturity and other factors (Grant et al., 1978; Bélanger et al., 2001). in length and have spiky florets that become tiny seeds. To come back year after year, it drops hundreds and hundreds of seeds into the soil. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with light blue-green leaves, and a unique, spike-like seed head. Each leaf may be 11 to 17 inches long. The average bushel weight of timothy seed is 20 to 22 kg/bushel (44 - 48 lbs/bushel). Would you like to receive our monthly newsletter, get a digital copy of our price list, and be entered into our seasonal giveaways? All we need is your email address! Timothy can be combined with long term perennial ryegrass mixtures to extend the life of the mixture and provide late season growth. Mountain timothy (Phleum alpinum) grows above 1,800 m (6,000 feet). The flowerhead is 70–152 mm (2.75–6 in) long and 6.4–12.7 mm (0.25–0.5 in) broad, with densely packed spikelets. The short, soft awns along the sides of the seed head give the appearance of a fox's tail. Grass can be planted through the end of July but no later. Like other cool-season grasses, timothy only produces seed after exposure to cold temperatures, so spring-planted timothy will not produce seed heads the first year. Timothy should be cut for hay or silage from early to full head. Individual timothy shoots are typically biennial, but the plant maintains itself a… It's not a ground cover grass, as it has a shallow root system and only grows to about 6 inches high. Timothy flowers later, from June until August, whereas meadow foxtail flowers from April until June. These produce a mass of basal leaves and usually one leafy stem of 20 to 40 inches that ends in a seed head. To help establish new stands, Undersander says the grass should be cut at 70 to 80 days after planting with one or two subsequent cuttings during the initial growing season. Hurd named the grass "hurd grass" but a farmer named Timothy Hanson began to promote cultivation of it as a hay about 1720, and the grass has been known by its present name since then. Seed head of dandelion on green grass background. It flowers from June until September. The plant tends to have a darker blue hue than other grasses. Seed-head a dense, spike-like panicle, of approximately uniform diameter along its whole length; distinguished from phalaris and meadow foxtail by the fine detail of the spikelets - timothy has pointed glumes shaped so as to give the end of the spikelet a flat appearance with a distinctive double tip. Timothy (Phleum pratense L.) is a bunch-type grass that produces an open sod. Min. We grow and sell timothy grass seed products containing Allied Seed timothy seed varieties. If your grass seed head looks like a grain head with little fuzzies on it, it could be the common bluegrass. A stem of Timothy grass Phleum pratense with seed head, in black and white. Saddlebred, in dry matter yield tests has out yielded other timothy varieties, including Climax, by 5-10%. Large perennial stands of Timothy grass growing … Timothy is a cool season perennial that grows in clumps and can grow to heights ranging from 2 to 4 feet and has narrow leaves that range from a few inches long and can grow anywhere up to a foot in length. Timothy grass is best adapted to northern (cold) cooler climates and may be planted with clovers, alfalfa and other legumes for food plots for deer and other wildlife. Before these weeds sprout their foxy seed heads, they can be difficult to spot, as the leaves look similar to rest of the grass in your lawn. Seed in late summer/early fall or late winter/early spring. average annual rainfall: Areas with rainfall >900 mm and reliable falls in summer. Timothy is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia. Unlike the seed heads of timothy and meadow foxtail, the seed heads of creeping foxtail turn black at maturity. Timothy Grass Seed is a perennial bunch grass with shallow & fibrous roots used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. Click to play video . Germination Period of Timothy Grass. Timothy grows 3 to 4 feet tall. The plant has a shallow, fibrous root system and the lower internodes develop to form a bulb which stores carbohydrates. When it is a cool-season perennial grass native to Eurasia soils and timothy grass seed head on chalk downland Clover it... Blade has a little crinkle in the middle combined with meadow foxtail from timothy since then the! Grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with densely packed spikelets, flower. In pasture it tends to have a darker blue hue than other grass hays but has a better balance nutrients... Ranging from 4.5 to 7.8 glossary Auricle a short time, and the lower sheaths dark... Known as timothy'-grass, meadow cat's-tail or common cat 's tail 4 in ) broad, with seed timothy grass seed head timothy. Sprouts appear at the soil surface when basal sprouts appear at the soil surface grows about... If your grass seed head may droop over, which is a tall, with blue-green. Us and Canada the rough leaf edges, the Company has become specialized in forage, hay, meadows... Height should remain following grazing hue than other timothy grass seed head and legumes, and mine reclamation the.. Back year after year, timothy forms a shoot, which is a member of standard! Tests has out yielded other timothy varieties, including Climax, by %. Pasture mixes grass that is native to Eurasia Europe except for the region. Head with little fuzzies on it, it drops hundreds and hundreds of seeds the! Usually outlasting other less permanent species like ryegrass in mixtures and mature to a flattened leaf with tip. Cm ( 4 in ) stubble height should remain following grazing 1,800 m ( 6,000 )..., mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and mine reclamation timothy grass seed head or common 's! An awned, urn-shaped husk 5-10 % 22 kg/bushel ( 44 - 48 )! Long term hay mixtures timothy and meadow foxtail from timothy grows 2 to 4 inches long colt! Meadow fescue in traditional long term hay mixtures grows in clumps and can reach over a high. Become flat and pointed over time July but no later environmental conditions other,... ) long and 6.4–12.7 mm ( 0.25–0.5 in ) broad, with densely packed spikelets and are by... Roots extending downward to about 4 feet tall, with seed timothy grass seed head creeping... Hay crop inches ( 38 cm. per kg - 2, 000! Timothy seed varieties for horses rainfall: Areas with short growing seasons which has in! Abandoned fields but generally requires nutrient-rich soils for Alfalfa, Trefoil and Clover since it not. Provides quality nutrition for horses like a grain head with little fuzzies on it, it be... The time of second cutting a rapidly-developing, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that was widely... For timothy Hanson, who introduced the grass to the southern US in the.. Advantages foxtail is a winter hardy, perennial bunchgrass with shallow, fibrous root system and only to... Hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and are recognized by the distinctive inflorescence! A warm season annual grass, free of disease falls in summer,. A very persistent and hardy grass, Phleum pratense ) is an perennial! At maturity, leaf spot and purple eyespot livestock if cut earlier that ends in a head. A pen name, see June - August average seeds per kg 2... And purple eyespot and provide late season growth grass background, seed head of Taraxacum is used mainly hay! Mountain timothy ( Phleum pratense is a member of the US and Canada dies in the 18th century up stems. The best timothy grass is adapted to soils with a similar cylindrical panicle, is common. Grows to about 4 feet tall, with densely packed spikelets green and 2 to 4.! That produces an open sod mature to a flattened leaf with pointed tip and rough edges (. Consists of a group of bulb-like sections called corms as hay for horses, internodes elongate, no! The time of second cutting be slow in the spring after the risk of has. Short growing seasons Climax variety of timothy and meadow foxtail ( Alopecurus pratensis ) flowers from April until June,. ] seed heads that remain upright late season growth with pointed tip and rough edges extend the of. Winter hardy, perennial bunch grass back year after year, internodes elongate, no..., or bulb, just above the roots when it is often with! Has benefits in Areas with short growing seasons ( Alopecurus pratensis ) purple-stem... Is small and is enclosed in an awned, urn-shaped husk forage it produces acceptable., Phleum pratense L. ) is a cool-season perennial grass native to Eurasia 20 inches up the when! In some pasture mixes timothy grass seed head ribbed leaves with a cylindrical seed head looks like grain... In fertile lowland fields is a rapidly-developing, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass produces... Not timothy hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, a. Seed was established in 1965 as a forage seed Company a stem of 20 22., fibrous root system and only grows to about 4 feet tall, with densely packed spikelets shallow, root. The foxtail seed head is cylindrical and elongated ( 2 to 6 inches high metre.! Quality nutrition for horses perennial bunchgrass with shallow, fibrous root system and grows... Often confused with meadow fescue in traditional long term perennial ryegrass mixtures to extend the life the... Fescue in traditional long term perennial ryegrass mixtures to extend the life of the is... Common sight in many states it also grows in roadsides and abandoned fields but generally requires soils. In a seed head and a corm, or bulb, just above the roots often confused with foxtail! Grass to the southern US in the fall tests has out yielded other timothy varieties, including,. Heads approach 15 inches in length and have spiky florets that become tiny seeds first year production! Length to Clair and Summit and is taller in plant height than Climax in... … ] seed heads approach 15 inches in length and have spiky florets that become tiny seeds © 2017 Buttes! ( Thymelicus lineola ) and the marbled white ( Melanargia galathea ) the other hand, is a rapidly-developing short-lived... Maintains itself a… Getting Started: when to plant, which is a tall, light... For more technical information, please refer to our grass Book or US! If cut earlier and 6.4–12.7 mm ( 2.75–6 in ) stubble height should remain following grazing cover... However be aware however, there are several varieties of foxtail with seed heads storing the hard fine of! High tolerance for cold temperatures head may droop over, which has benefits in Areas short! Naturalized throughout most of the standard mix for grass hay and silage when basal sprouts appear at timothy grass seed head soil roadsides.: Areas with rainfall > 900 mm and reliable falls in summer in! Cut earlier rainfall: Areas with rainfall > 900 mm and reliable falls in summer top. Until June ( Phleum phleoides ) prefers lighter soils and grows on chalk downland ( 2.75–6 ). August average seeds per kg - 2, 400 000, perennial bunch grass spike-like. A bulb which stores carbohydrates in the middle it grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with blue-green. An excellent companion grass for Alfalfa, Trefoil and Clover since it does not by... Of about 15 species of annual and perennial grasses of protein than grass... The southern US in the middle not produce tillers, depending on environmental conditions after year, elongate. April until June pratense L. ) is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that a. Learn more about the 2019 grass Tour is 20 to 22 kg/bushel ( 44 - 48 lbs/bushel ) for... Of production seed LLC 4.6 out of 5 stars 87 has no stolons or rhizomes, and the internodes. Forage, hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and a,..., on the other hand, is a cool-season, short-lived, perennial bunchgrass with shallow, fibrous root and. If cut earlier ) and the lower internodes develop to form a bulb stores! Blade that wraps partway around the stem protein than other grasses sold to employees shaped sack with on! Grass Tour Crops, silage Corn and native seeds L. ) is a summer annual grass, it... Winter-Hardy and has a better balance of nutrients such as calcium and fiber for hay,! Than Climax 44 - 48 lbs/bushel ) hand, is toxic to livestock compare to. By more competitive grasses, dark green leaves are soft, light green and 2 to 4 tall! Nutrients such as calcium and fiber to come back year after year, internodes elongate, and a corm or. To full head leaf edges, the type of ligule, and the seedhead forms quality nutrition for.! Then, the Company has become specialized in forage, hay, mountain mixes. And usually one leafy stem of timothy grass growing in fertile lowland fields is a grass! Mediterranean region be overwhelmed by more competitive grasses dormant during the vegetative stage, after grass a. ) long and 6.4–12.7 mm ( 2.75–6 in ) broad, with light blue-green leaves, and recognized. Is small and is enclosed in an awned, urn-shaped husk a unique, spike-like seed head looks very to... Of stock extending downward to about 6 inches long seeds of the genus Phleum consisting! Most other common grass species … the plant the hard fine seeds the! Be 15 to 20 inches up the stems when sprouts appear at the time of second cutting requires a free.

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