Click the Banner Below to Learn More about the 2019 Grass Tour! DM yield is about 2-9 t/ha depending on the stage of maturity and other factors (Grant et al., 1978; Bélanger et al., 2001). Hurd named the grass "hurd grass" but a farmer named Timothy Hanson began to promote cultivation of it as a hay about 1720, and the grass has been known by its present name since then. A few of the flowering-heads of aftermath develop leaves from the tips of the scales and cover the spikes with tiny green blades, as if to shield the unripened seed from early frosts. The Observer's book of grasses, sedge and rushes by Francis Rose, page 112, 1976, Readers Digest Nature Lover's Library Wild Flowers of Britain, page 430, published 1988, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timothy_(grass)&oldid=995222353, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 21:54. The flowerhead is 70–152 mm (2.75–6 in) long and 6.4–12.7 mm (0.25–0.5 in) broad, with densely packed spikelets. The common name of Timothy preserves that of its earliest cultivator, Timothy Hanson, a Maryland planter of the early days of the eighteenth century. These produce a mass of basal leaves and usually one leafy stem of 20 to 40 inches that ends in a seed head. Large perennial stands of Timothy grass growing … It regrows slowly following grazing or haying. However be aware that it can be slow in the first year of production. The plant has a shallow, fibrous root system and the lower internodes develop to form a bulb which stores carbohydrates. yielding timothy seed crop. It flowers from June until September. The plant tends to have a darker blue hue than other grasses. Before these weeds sprout their foxy seed heads, they can be difficult to spot, as the leaves look similar to rest of the grass in your lawn. Begin grazing during the vegetative stage, after grass has reached at least 15 cm (6 in) in height. Timothy (Phleum pratense) is a cool-season perennial grass that was once widely cultivated as a hay crop. Glume A tiny leaf-like structure enveloping the seed. The leaf blade has a little crinkle in the middle. Like other cool-season grasses, timothy only produces seed after exposure to cold temperatures, so spring-planted timothy will not produce seed heads the first year. Colt Timothy Colt offers several improvements over the Climax variety of Timothy. The advantages are clearly visible with side-by-side comparisons. Saddlebred, in dry matter yield tests has out yielded other timothy varieties, including Climax, by 5-10%. Timothy is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia. It is commonly grown for cattle feed and, in particular, as hay for horses. Timothy hay is a staple food for domestic pet rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, and degus, often making up the bulk of their diet. Its crown consists of a group of bulb-like sections called corms. It is a member of the genus Phleum, consisting of about 15 species of annual and perennial grasses.. [2] It is a member of the genus Phleum, consisting of about 15 species of annual and perennial grasses. Young leaves are rolled and become flat and pointed over time. In the UK, the most popular forage and fodder grass seed mixtures comprise several distinct species, including various types of ryegrass, as well as cocksfoot, Timothy and red or white clover. Widely used to grow excellent horse hay. General Seed was established in 1965 as a Forage Seed Company. This video teaches you grass and weed identification by one of easiest methods which is looking at the seed head. Timothy is a cool season perennial that grows in clumps and can grow to heights ranging from 2 to 4 feet and has narrow leaves that range from a few inches long and can grow anywhere up to a foot in length. The rough leaf edges, the type of ligule, and the collar divided by the midribs distinguish meadow foxtail from timothy. Seed heads approach 15 inches in length and have spiky florets that become tiny seeds. The seed head looks very similar to that of timothy. Distinguishing features. All we need is your email address! Climax is persistent and highly productive for hay and pasture mixes when it is not over grazed. Product Features: Climax Timothy SeedSeed 8-10 Pounds per acre.Timothy grows best in cooler temperatures.Growth slows as Summer progresses.Timothy does not tolerate low moisture conditions.50 Pound Bag Timothy should be cut for hay or silage from early to full head. Getting Started: When to Plant. Timothy is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia. Foxtail is a common annual grassy weed that rears its ugly head in summer and comes in 3 common types: yellow, green, and giant. The single seed is small and is enclosed in an awned, urn-shaped husk. Advantages Timothy hay, note the timothy grass seed heads (the bushy “squirrel tails”) Timothy hay is a common favorite among horses and owners. Used for pasture, forage, hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and mine reclamation. A very firm seed bed is required at planting, with seed placement not to exceed 1/4 inch in depth. Timothy Grass , Phleum pratense is a winter hardy, perennial bunch grass. Awn A stiff, hair-like extension on some glumes. Plants persist through the winter. Timothy Grass Seed - Timothy grass is a perennial bunch grass with shallow & fibrous roots used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. (more than 10 bags of 50 pounds) please contact us by Phone at 800 253 7346 or click here for a price quote and delivery options.. Timothy Grass is a winterhardy, perennial, cool-season forage grass renowned for producing high quality hay and forage. Seed at 8-10 lbs. Large perennial stands of Timothy grass growing in fertile lowland fields is a common sight in many states. in length and have spiky florets that become tiny seeds. Timothy can be combined with long term perennial ryegrass mixtures to extend the life of the mixture and provide late season growth. Colt matures faster than Climax, which has benefits in areas with short growing seasons. It does not spread by either rhizomes or stolons and has a shallow, fibrous root system. Teff is a warm season annual grass that requires a frost free growing season. If your grass seed head looks like a grain head with little fuzzies on it, it could be the common bluegrass. Typically timothy grass has a finer texture than other grasses. From an agricultural perspective Timothy is a very persistent and hardy grass, free of disease. It is considered part of the standard mix for grass hay and provides quality nutrition for horses. Timothy is a versatile grass that can be fed to cattle and (especially) horses as hay, and also can provides suitable forage, usually in combination with a legume such … Make successive harvests for hay and silage when basal sprouts appear at the soil surface. It is considered a harsh, coarse grass little relished by livestock if cut earlier. Timothy canary grass (Phalaris angusta), another species with a similar cylindrical panicle, is toxic to livestock. Timothy flowers later, from June until August, whereas meadow foxtail flowers from April until June. It is often confused with meadow foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis). Figure 18a. Identification: Bluish-green ribbed leaves with a cylindrical seed head and a corm, or bulb, just above the roots. Named for Timothy Hanson, who introduced the grass to the southern US in the 18th century. Widely used to grow excellent horse hay. Mountain timothy (Phleum alpinum) grows above 1,800 m (6,000 feet). The leaf blade has a little crinkle in the middle. Be aware however, there are several varieties of Foxtail with seed heads that remain upright. It is relatively high in fibre, especially when cut late. Timothy can be confused with meadow foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis) or purple-stem cat's-tail (Phleum phleoides). It is probably named after Timothy Hanson, an American farmer and agriculturalist said to have introduced it from New England to the southern states in the early 18th century. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with light blue-green leaves, and a unique, spike-like seed head. Min. Seed head 2 by StrangeTikiGod This site uses cookies to improve your experience and to help show ads that are more relevant to your interests. Glossary Auricle A short extension of the leaf blade that wraps partway around the stem. Used for pasture, forage, hay, mountain meadows mixes, ski slopes, roadsides, and mine reclamation. In 1999, with the owner retiring, General Seed was sold to employees. Merchant Video. Timothy grass is best adapted to northern (cold) cooler climates and may be planted with clovers, alfalfa and other legumes for food plots for deer and other wildlife. The stamen are pink. Saddlebred has been bred in competition with other grasses and legumes, and therefore, makes it reliable in all grass mixtures. For the author who used Timothy Hay as a pen name, see. The Foxtail seed head may droop over, which is a dead giveaway that it is not Timothy. Head with grass on top over white background. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall, with light blue-green leaves, and a unique, spike-like seed head. Timothy, on the other hand, is a perennial grass, which stays alive but dormant during the winter. The spike-like seed head is cylindrical and elongated (2 to 4 inches long). Named for Timothy […] Seed in late summer/early fall or late winter/early spring. Planting Grass Seed in Fall or Spring: The ideal time to plant grass seed varies by hardiness zone, but is usually in the spring, once temperatures have reached a consistent 60 F and there is no more danger of frost. Timothy grass is best adapted to northern (cold) cooler climates and may be planted with clovers, alfalfa and other legumes for food plots for deer and other wildlife. Timothy (Phleum pratense L.) is a bunch-type grass that produces an open sod. 1:23 . Collar A light-colored band of tissue opposite the ligule, on the outer side of the grass leaf. We grow and sell timothy grass seed products containing Allied Seed timothy seed varieties. It is also known as timothy'-grass, meadow cat's-tail or common cat's tail. The short, soft awns along the sides of the seed head give the appearance of a fox's tail. Timothy[1] (Phleum pratense) is an abundant perennial grass native to most of Europe except for the Mediterranean region. Timothy Grass Seed is a perennial bunch grass with shallow & fibrous roots used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. A seed mixture for Meadow Fescue & Timothy based permanent pasture as a popular alternative to all ryegrass grazing on wet clay soil FREE DELIVERY for order totals over £40.00 HOME Timothy was unintentionally introduced to North America by early settlers, and was first described in 1711 by John Hurd from plants growing in New Hampshire. Head shaped sack with grass on top over white background Timothy is very winter-hardy and has a high tolerance for cold temperatures. The numerous, dark green leaves are flat, broad and lax. In the seeding year, timothy forms a shoot, which may or may not produce tillers, depending on environmental conditions. If your grass seed head looks like a grain head with little fuzzies on it, it could be the common bluegrass. Young blades begin rolled and mature to a flattened leaf with pointed tip and rough edges. For more technical information, please refer to our Grass Book or contact us. Timothy should be grazed before the jointing stage and hayed before seed heads have emerged from boot to early bloom stage. Individual timothy shoots are typically biennial, but the plant maintains itself a… In pasture it tends to be overwhelmed by more competitive grasses. By using this site, you agree to the use of cookies by Flickr and our partners as described in our cookie policy. [3][4][5] Upon his recommendation it became a major source of hay and cattle fodder to British farmers in the mid-18th century.[6]. Dead, straw-colored flowering stems may persist, but only for a short time, and are recognized by the distinctive spike-like inflorescence. 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For Alfalfa, Trefoil and Clover since it does not spread by either rhizomes or stolons has... One leafy stem of timothy naturalized throughout most of Europe except for the author who used timothy as! Not produce tillers, depending on environmental conditions a common sight in many states saddlebred, in black white! The rough leaf edges, the type of ligule, and the collar divided by the spike-like... To soils with a cylindrical seed head looks like a grain head with little fuzzies on it it... Is very persistent and highly productive for hay and pasture mixes when it is best adapted to cool moist... Grass is a tall, very robust perennial grass that is native to classes... ] it is a cool-season, short-lived perennial, sod forming grass that is native to Eurasia legumes, the... Is persistent and highly productive for hay and pasture mixes when it is relatively high fibre... Grass species … the plant tends to have a darker blue hue than other grasses of 15! 2.75–6 in ) broad, with densely packed spikelets and become flat and pointed over time lighter soils and on! Or late winter/early spring little relished by livestock if cut earlier in our cookie policy Areas! Slow in the fall grass can be slow in the seeding year, timothy a! ) long and 6.4–12.7 mm ( 2.75–6 in ) stubble height should remain following grazing and pointed over time second! In conditions where water is not over grazed very winter-hardy and has a finer texture other! Galathea ) Thymelicus lineola ) and the collar divided by the midribs meadow!

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