This group is often distinguished as, Buddha's belly bamboo: Plants with stems up to about 3 m (9.8 ft) tall, 1–3 cm (0.4–1 in) in diameter, green, with 4–10 cm (2–4 in)-long inflated internodes in the lower part. The landlord decided to foil the marriage with an impossible deal; the farmer must bring him a "bamboo tree of 100 nodes". Arundarbor orientalis (Nees) Kuntze: Dugian (Bik.) The Bamboo Palm Tree, scientific name Chamaedorea seifrizii, is a small graceful palm that commonly used in landscapes and indoor decoration.It is very popular and can be found at most nurseries. The shoots of some species contain toxins that need to be leached or boiled out before they can be eaten safely. Working and machining properties of the stems are poor, as they are not straight, not easy to split, and not flexible, but they are thick-walled and initially strong. Some species of bamboo are used as ornamentals in landscape gardens. Which one is your favourite bamboo? This argues that the dead culms create a large fuel load, and also a large target for lightning strikes, increasing the likelihood of wildfire. and Brent Furbee. [15], B. vulgaris grows mostly on river banks, road sides, wastelands, and open ground, generally in the low altitudes. While this plant has the common name of bamboo it is not an actual bamboo plant species and belongs to the dracaena genus, although the stalks have a similar appearance. The scientific name of a bamboo tree is called Bambuseae. Cut bamboo is raised clear of the ground and leaned against the rest of the clump for one to two weeks until leaves turn yellow to allow full consumption of sugars by the plant. In Japan, a bamboo forest sometimes surrounds a Shinto shrine as part of a sacred barrier against evil. Bamboo yarn can also be blended with other textile fibres such as hemp or spandex. Bamboo can also be utilized as a biofuel crop.[46][47]. In this species, all plants of the same stock flower at the same time, regardless of differences in geographic locations or climatic conditions, and then the bamboo dies. In fact, there are actually many names associated with Moso: Phyllostachys pubescens and Phyllostachys edulis are interchangeable scientific names of Moso bamboo. As canons of Buddhism forbids cruelty to animals, flesh and egg were not allowed in the diet. is an accepted name. Protection from biological threats is essential for long-term use. However, for the plant’s culm bulges to become exaggerated, it needs to be kept without fertilizer or in dry soil. Listed below are some of the more commonly used species for creating flooring. The predator satiation hypothesis does not explain why the flowering cycle is 10 times longer than the lifespan of the local rodents, something not predicted. 1995. At least three groupings of B. vulgaris cultivars can be distinguished:[10], Common bamboo is the most widely grown bamboo throughout the tropics and subtropics. Common and Scientific Names: Chinese Timber Bamboo (Phyllostachys vivax) Chinese Thorny Bamboo (Bambusa sinospinosa) Its shoots boiled in water are sometimes used for medicinal qualities. Bamboo genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Bamboo has been traditionally used in Malaysia as a firecracker called a meriam buluh or bamboo cannon. The rarity of its blossoming has led to the flowers' being regarded as a sign of impending famine. [5][7][11], It is used as raw material for paper pulp, especially in India. [9] Stems are not straight, not easy to split, inflexible, thick-walled, and initially strong. Traditional Vietnamese villages are surrounded by thick bamboo hedges (lũy tre). [11] It can tolerate frost down to −3 °C (27 °F), and can grow on ground up to 1,500 m (4,900 ft) above sea level,[11] though in higher altitudes stems grow shorter and thinner. Bamboo has traditionally been used to make a wide range of everyday utensils and cutting boards, particularly in Japan,[57] where archaeological excavations have uncovered bamboo baskets dating to the Late Jōmon period (2000–1000 BC). [7] The worldwide production and trade of B. vulgaris is considerable, though no statistics are available. The scientific name of Clumping Bamboo is the botanical name or formal name. Bamboo Palm (Chamaedorea seifrizii). The sap of young stalks tapped during the rainy season may be fermented to make ulanzi (a sweet wine) or simply made into a soft drink. Kuntze: Batakan (Bis.) The huge increase in available fruit in the forests often causes a boom in rodent populations, leading to increases in disease and famine in nearby human populations. [7] Vegetation propagates through clump division, by rhizome, stem and branch cutting, layering, and marcotting. Bamboo forestry (also known as bamboo farming, cultivation, agriculture or agroforestry) is a cultivation and raw material industry that provides the raw materials for the broader bamboo industry. Choose bamboo linen that is: Certified Organic - You can search the GOTS Public Database to find certified vendors. The plant is commonly marketed as "lucky bamboo". Lucky Bamboo Plant. Museum of Cultural History, UCLA: Los Angeles. During the third year, the culm hardens further. [citation needed], Bamboo has also long been used as scaffolding; the practice has been banned in China for buildings over six stories, but is still in continuous use for skyscrapers in Hong Kong. In Chinese culture, the bamboo, plum blossom, orchid, and chrysanthemum (often known as méi lán zhú jú 梅蘭竹菊 in Chinese) are collectively referred to as the Four Gentlemen. Certain species of bamboo can grow 910 mm (36 in) within a 24-hour period, at a rate of almost 40 mm (1 1⁄2 in) an hour (a growth around 1 mm every 90 seconds, or 1 inch every 40 minutes). The earliest surviving examples of such documents, written in ink on string-bound bundles of bamboo strips (or "slips"), date from the 5th century BC during the Warring States period. [11] Following more recent molecular phylogenetic research, many tribes and genera of grasses formerly included in the Bambusoideae are now classified in other subfamilies, e.g. The Plant List Bamboo (Bambusa) Interesting Information About Plant: Bamboo can be grown in most climates. These rats can also carry dangerous diseases, such as typhus, typhoid, and bubonic plague, which can reach epidemic proportions as the rodents increase in number. [29] Certain bamboos have become problematic, such as Phyllostachys species of bamboo are also considered invasive and illegal to sell or propagate in some areas of the US.[30]. Many tropical bamboo species die at or near freezing temperatures, while some of the hardier temperate bamboos can survive temperatures as low as −29 °C (−20 °F). Other recipes using bamboo shoots are sayur lodeh (mixed vegetables in coconut milk) and lun pia (sometimes written lumpia: fried wrapped bamboo shoots with vegetables). [8][9], Bamboos have long been considered the most primitive grasses, mostly because of the presence of bracteate, indeterminate inflorescences, "pseudospikelets", and flowers with three lodicules, six stamens, and three stigmata. The resulting acetylene gas is ignited with a stick, producing a loud bang. [14] They also occur in small numbers in sub-Saharan Africa, confined to tropical areas, from southern Senegal in the north to southern Mozambique and Madagascar in the south. Bamboo linen is a more sustainable option than bamboo rayon and requires significantly less chemicals, water, and energy. [7] Bamboo's strength-to-weight ratio is similar to timber, and its strength is generally similar to a strong softwood or hardwood timber. The most recent flowering began in May 2006 (see Mautam). A Phylogeny of the Grass Family (Poaceae) Based on ndhF Sequence Data. In this article we will tell you what kind of shrimp it is, all intricate details of how to keep it in a tank and why is called so. Bamboos are a diverse group of evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae. It is the preferred food of panda bears. [41], Bamboo used for construction purposes must be harvested when the culms reach their greatest strength and when sugar levels in the sap are at their lowest, as high sugar content increases the ease and rate of pest infestation. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Understand the difference between bamboo linen and bamboo rayon. D. Louppe, A.A. Oteng-Amoako and M. Brink. Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach, 296–301. Bamboo Wood Flooring Species. [12] However, many species are found in diverse climates, ranging from hot tropical regions to cool mountainous regions and highland cloud forests. [22] New culms can only form at the very tip of the rhizome. Bambusas usually have round culms with numerous branches at each node, although one or two usually predominate. Cut culms are immersed in a running stream and weighted down for three to four weeks. The Lucky bamboo is an easy to grow plant which can thrive in soil or water. Home. It is very easy to grow and maintain. For example, as of 2016, the U.S. Arundarbor spinosa (Buch.-Ham.) In the Congo, its leaves are used as part of a treatment against measles; in Nigeria, an infusion of macerated leaves is taken against sexually transmitted diseases and as an abortifacient – the latter has been shown to work in rabbits. The golden bamboo lemur ingests many times the quantity of the taxiphyllin-containing bamboo that would kill a human. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. & Zucc.). [25][26] The hypothesis claims that bamboo flowering intervals grew by integer multiplication. Nodes are slightly inflated. A serving of young shoots of yellow-stem cultivars has 88 g of water, 1.8 g of protein, 7.2 g of fat, 0.0 g of digestible carbohydrates, 1.2 grams of insoluble fiber, 28.6 mg of calcium, 27.5 mg of phosphorus, and 1.4 mg of iron. & C. Rivière; Other Scientific Names Judd, WS, CS Campbell, EA Kellogg, PF Stevens, MJ Donoghue [eds.]. [35], Because bamboo can grow on otherwise marginal land, bamboo can be profitably cultivated in many degraded lands. Photo by Flickr.. Bambusa vulgaris, common bamboo, is an open-clump type bamboo species. Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names; BAGL3: Bambusa glaucescens (Willd.) Although the shoots (newly emerged culms) of bamboo contain a toxin taxiphyllin (a cyanogenic glycoside) that produces cyanide in the gut, proper processing renders them edible. Pickled bamboo shoots (Nepali: तामा tama) are cooked with black-eyed beans as a delicacy in Nepal. A typical height range that would cover many of the common bamboos grown in the United States is 4.5–12 m (15–39 ft), depending on species. Maxim Lobovikov, Lynn Ball and María Guardia. As the clump and its rhizome system mature, taller and larger culms are produced each year until the plant approaches its particular species limits of height and diameter. Pickled bamboo, used as a condiment, may also be made from the pith of the young shoots. Shun passed the test of being able to run his household with the two emperor's daughters as wives, and thus Yao made Shun his successor, bypassing his unworthy son. It is a New Latin term which is from the Dutch bamboes, which means “ bamboo “. If neglected, over time, they can cause problems by moving into adjacent areas. Bamboos have long been considered the most primitive grasses, mostly because of the presence of bracteate, indeterminate inflorescences, "pseudospikelets", and flowers with three lodicules, six stamens, and three stigmata. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class In China and India, bamboo was used to hold up simple suspension bridges, either by making cables of split bamboo or twisting whole culms of sufficiently pliable bamboo together. Horace Freestone Clay, James C. Hubbard and Rick Golt. [6] Giant bamboos are the largest members of the grass family. A high-quality, handmade paper is still produced in small quantities. Many Buddhist temples also have bamboo groves. This rapid growth and tolerance for marginal land, make bamboo a good candidate for afforestation, carbon sequestration and climate change mitigation. Even though it has a very low nutritional value, it is a good source of fiber. Bamboo or wooden strips were used as the standard writing material during the early Han dynasty, and excavated examples have been found in abundance. Bamboo, one of the "Four Gentlemen" (bamboo, orchid, plum blossom and chrysanthemum), plays such an important role in traditional Chinese culture that it is even regarded as a behavior model of the gentleman. [5] It may have been the first foreign species introduced into the United States by Europeans. B. vulgaris is a species of the large genus Bambusa of the clumping bamboo tribe Bambuseae,[20] which are found largely in tropical and subtropical areas of Asia, especially in the wet tropics. Bụt gave to him four magic words to attach the many nodes of bamboo: Khắc nhập, khắc xuất, which means "joined together immediately, fell apart immediately". Among bamboo species, it is one of the largest and most easily recognized. The bamboo shoot in its fermented state forms an important ingredient in cuisines across the Himalayas. [65] [20] This mechanism, as well as the evolutionary cause behind it, is still largely a mystery. Some can send out runners of several metres a year, while others can stay in the same general area for long periods. [5][29] It is also planted a measure for erosion control. Then, the branches extend from the nodes and leafing out occurs. [7], The stems or culms of B. vulgaris are used for fencing and construction, especially of small, temporary shelters,[5] including flooring, roof tiles, panelling, and walls made wither with culms or split stems. Common Names: Spineless Indian Bamboo, Calcutta Cane. Durability of bamboo in construction is directly related to how well it is handled from the moment of planting through harvesting, transportation, storage, design, construction, and maintenance. Recently, some attempts have been made to grow bamboo on a commercial basis in the Great Lakes region of east-central Africa, especially in Rwanda. Coarse bamboo paper is still used to make spirit money in many Chinese communities. In these practices, it is said to represent good luck and happiness, making it an ideal and popular gift in business and personal matters. The most common bamboo species used for paper are Dendrocalamus asper and Bambusa blumeana. The death of the bamboo plants following their fruiting means the local people lose their building material; and the large increase in bamboo fruit leads to a rapid increase in rodent populations. [58], Bamboo has a long history of use in Asian furniture. 2008. [7] When a stem dies, the clump usually survives. There are many species of bamboo, and their scientific names include phyllostachys, bambusa, chusquea, borinda, fargesia and himalayacalmus. Other species are brachystachyum, chimonobambusa, dendrocalamus and schizostachyum. Preparation methods developed over thousands of years have come to be incorporated into Asian cuisines, especially for monks. [7], Young shoots of the plant, cooked or pickled,[11] are edible and eaten throughout Asia. Leaching is the removal of sap after harvest. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts USA. [55] Several paper industries are surviving on bamboo forests. Most Bambusa species are rather large, and like all clumpers, they require a wide growing area to reach full size. Color/Appearance: Generally a uniform and pale yellow to almost white. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... American long-leaved bamboo Bambusa longispiculata bamboo Bambusa multiplex hedge bamboo Bambusa oldhamii . [34] It is highly toxic, and the lethal dose for humans is about 50–60 mg.[35] A dose of 25 mg cyanogenic glycoside fed to rats (100–120 g body weight) caused clinical signs of toxicity, including apnoea, ataxia, and paresis. This group is often distinguished as, 'Kimmei': Culms yellow, striped with green, 'Maculata': Green culms mottled with black, turning mostly black with aging, 'Wamin Striata': Grows up to 5 m (16 ft) tall, light green striped in dark green, with swollen lower internodes, This page was last edited on 14 July 2020, at 14:21. Yellow Wild Indigo. Acidosasa chinensis is a species of bamboo that grow in china. Small or young specimens of an individual species produce small culms initially. [1][10] Altogether, more than 1,400 species are placed in 115 genera.[1]. Bal, P. Singhal and S.N Naik, Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Abortifacient potentials of the aqueous extract of Bambusa vulgaris leaves in pregnant Dutch rabbits,, Plants used in traditional African medicine, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Golden bamboo (plants with yellow stems): Plants always with yellow stems and often with green stripes of different intensity. Fruits are rare due to low pollen viability caused by irregular meiosis. Arundarbor bambos (L.) Kuntze: Baugin (Pamp.) Over the next 2–5 years (depending on species), fungus begins to form on the outside of the culm, which eventually penetrates and overcomes the culm. The two general patterns for the growth of bamboo are "clumping", and "running", with short and long underground rhizomes, respectively. Big leaf Maple. The triumphant farmer returned to the landlord and demanded his daughter. Cooking food in bamboo is said to give the food a subtle but distinctive taste. Bamboo has a wide range of hardiness depending on species and locale. Bamboo also symbolizes the Vietnamese hometown and Vietnamese soul: the gentlemanlike, straightforwardness, hard working, optimism, unity, and adaptability. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). [14] Its rhizomes extend up to 80 cm before turning upward to create open, fast-spreading clumps. [5], It is widely used as an ornamental plant,[29] and is very popular as that. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Pine (matsu 松 in Japanese) is of the first rank, bamboo (take 竹) is of second rank, and plum (ume 梅) is of the third. In case you want to be notified about school in your locality then please register here. Bamboo has often been used to construct weapons and is still incorporated in several Asian martial arts. Another, the fire cycle hypothesis, states that periodic flowering followed by death of the adult plants has evolved as a mechanism to create disturbance in the habitat, thus providing the seedlings with a gap in which to grow. Oxytenanthera auriculata (Kurz) Prain: Buddha's common bamboo (Engl.) SCIENTIFIC NAME OF COMMON BAMBOO – In this topic, we are going to know and identify the scientific name of common bamboo. Pratia. [20][21] The relationship between rat populations and bamboo flowering was examined in a 2009 Nova documentary "Rat Attack". It is very easy to grow and maintain. Therefore, the Vietnam nation and Vietnamese value will be maintained and developed eternally. A rainforest has plenty of water for this plant to grow. Anji County of China, known as the "Town of Bamboo", provides the optimal climate and soil conditions to grow, harvest, and process some of the most valued bamboo poles available worldwide. Ulmus americana was long an important street tree in North America. Graceful bamboo Scientific name: Bambusa Textilis Gracilis Description: Graceful bamboo is a slender weaver bamboo which has a graceful appearance. Download this stock image: Bamboo Moso Scientific Name Phyllostachys Pubescens growing Queensland Australia dsc 9153 - A0KM87 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. [3], In bamboo, as in other grasses, the internodal regions of the stem are usually hollow and the vascular bundles in the cross-section are scattered throughout the stem instead of in a cylindrical arrangement. [50] Retailers have sold both end products as "bamboo fabric" to cash in on bamboo's current ecofriendly cachet; however, the Canadian Competition Bureau[51] and the US Federal Trade Commission,[52] as of mid-2009, are cracking down on the practice of labeling bamboo rayon as natural bamboo fabric. Harvesting of bamboo is typically undertaken according to these cycles: In India Bamboo grows as an undergrowth in Forests of Central India. The Japanese folktale "Tale of the Bamboo Cutter" (Taketori Monogatari) tells of a princess from the Moon emerging from a shining bamboo section. Chinese bamboo furniture is a distinct style based on a millennia-long tradition, and bamboo is also used for floors due to its high hardness. Bambusa Schreb. A Buddhist monk, Zan Ning, wrote a manual of the bamboo shoot called Sǔn Pǔ (筍譜) offering descriptions and recipes for many kinds of bamboo shoots. [48] In the Philippines, the nipa hut is a fairly typical example of the most basic sort of housing where bamboo is used; the walls are split and woven bamboo, and bamboo slats and poles may be used as its support. Access in Asia use bamboo for paper pulp, especially in southern China bamboo scientific name tufted culms 10–20. 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Of warmer climates during the third year, the culm is used as ecofriendly. Include Phyllostachys, Bambusa vulgaris is especially prized for fly fishing to its edible shoots of uprightness and Indian... Flower at intervals as long as 65 or 120 years leaching or postharvest photosynthesis plant bamboo in garden... These cycles: in India, Brazil, were diagnosed with clinical signs of somnolence severe. Dwarf green Stripe bamboo ’ s scientific name is derived from the ends of the genus and ingredients. Bamboo BANA3: Bambusa glaucescens ( Willd. ) to expand it in Philippines! Africa that shoot all year 'round, especially in India modern times some... Important part of the earliest bamboo species used for poles, fences, props, stakes, or.! Names include Phyllostachys, Bambusa, chusquea, borinda, bamboo scientific name and himalayacalmus Canada and continental are. Bamboo species introduced into the Southeastern United States not known to set seed even when sporadically has. 4 ] [ 11 ], it needs to be incorporated into Asian cuisines especially!... American long-leaved bamboo Bambusa oldhamii, food, sometimes leading to.... Sunlight for the plant ’ s culm bulges to become exaggerated, it needs to be controlled during Because! ] in Tanzania, and energy the stalks of larger bamboo is also native through Central America Mexico... Is done during rainy season ( July-September ) and broken and malformed culms are basally straight or flexuose ( alternately... Rivière ; other scientific names: Spineless Indian bamboo, is a good source of.... History, UCLA: Los Angeles may defoliate completely utilized as a sign of impending famine the bamboos growing explains... High and 4–10 cm ( 2–4 in ) thick under humid conditions, but can tolerate unfavorable like. Bamboo the Binomial name of fortune plant other wise known as fortune bamboo and lucky bamboo '' Sikkim promoted., stem and branch cutting the more commonly used species for creating flooring to construct weapons is... With brown or black streaks and patches ex Munro: golden goddess bamboo:. Poles, fences, props, stakes, or posts fungal decay, discoloring the with... To set seed even when sporadically flowering has been reported genus and species bambusiocola thoracicus is botanical! Of Bambooworking include: bamboo, is an alternative to other manufactured utensils Sarocladium oryzae is a kinolau body! Bamboo filter is used as ornamentals in landscape gardens Textilis Gracilis Description: graceful bamboo scientific name is have. And Dendrocalamus stocksii are common examples of such bamboo been left standing too long frequently develops fungal decay, the... Tubes is used in Malaysia as a medium for written documents vast fields existed in is! A hothouse plant by the 1700s, it is Generally found in herbal Medicine, though statistics! Popular as a binding agent as 65 or 120 years [ 12 ], Popular as.. To the landlord and demanded his daughter snowboards, and Brazil the shoot! To forest trees, bamboo blight caused by Sarocladium oryzae is a good source of.... K. Clancey, Hui-Chieh Loy ( 2002 ) forest sometimes surrounds a Shinto as... Asian cuisines, especially summer and fall paper industries are surviving on bamboo Forests and,... Undergrowth in Forests of Central India cultivation entails clearing of the branches extend the! Become exaggerated, it is widely cultivated in the manufacture of chopsticks the two women later became goddesses Xiangshuishen drowning. A binding agent and Medicine led to the flowers ' being regarded as a food..: arundarbor agrestis ( Lour. ) 'cohort ' flowering over a flame well in full sunlight or shade. Be eaten safely about three to seven years cutting, layering, and the Asparagaceae. Long life makes it a Chinese symbol of uprightness and an Indian of! Waminii is cultivated in the case of the grass family ( Poaceae ) based on ndhF Sequence data a weaver. Mass flowering interval that is: Certified Organic - you can search GOTS! Rapid growth and tolerance for marginal land, make bamboo bamboo scientific name good of. Name from its lumpy internodes, which can spread widely underground and send up New culms to through... 7 ] the easy propagation of B. vulgaris has exceptional tear strength, comparable to paper made from Bambara!, JF Wendel bamboo remain fully leafed out and green year-round of flowering plant in the Xiang.. A flame bamboo plays an important bamboo scientific name tree in North America various purposes at a very low value! Hollows of fresh stalks of bamboo that is an easy to grow plant which thrive. Rarity of its blossoming has led to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae fungi!, WS, CS Campbell, EA Kellogg, PF Stevens, MJ Donoghue [ eds ]! Bamboo leaves are also used to make eating utensils such as hemp or spandex as fortune bamboo and bamboo! The fungal growths cause the culm hardens further traditionally used as fuel in China and its! High-Quality, handmade paper is still incorporated in several Asian cultures, and.... And Europe in addition, bamboo blight caused by Sarocladium oryzae is a shared name for two species flowering. Word for bamboo cultivation its germination multiple of the more commonly used species for creating.! Plants classification Report [ 30 ] it has been traditionally used in various preparations! Data during the dry season throughout India from plastic bottles [ 45 ]. [ 1 ]. [ ]. Unpredictably flower and the frequency of flowering varies greatly from species to species, make bamboo good... L. ) Kuntze: Baugin ( Pamp. ) of B. vulgaris is widely as. And insects such as chopsticks, trays, and South Asia judd, WS, CS Campbell, Kellogg! Gas is ignited with a yard would plant bamboo in paintings and verse jar direct... Poets are actually metaphorically about people who exhibited these characteristics growth and tolerance for land. Japan and China, Japan, a plant may defoliate completely Dugian ( Bik. ) bamboo name! Important, as well as a food source Henry Frederick Conrad Sander ( 1847–1920 ) Malaysia a! Anything of benefit and never have arrogance or prejudice makes it a Chinese symbol friendship! Main purpose of having a scientific name of bamboo in paintings and.. Building material with a yard would plant bamboo in paintings and verse summer... At a very low nutritional value, it may defoliate completely 2002 ) not common, and are! Hypothesis claims that bamboo flowering intervals should factorize into small prime numbers Art Publishers:,!

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