Jute Cultivation in India: Conditions, Method, Production and Distribution! Today. Bulk of the manufactured jute goods is predominantly being used in packaging purposes in domestic market. In 2003-04, India imported 111.9 thousand tonnes of jute worth Rs. Table 24.16 shows that the production of jute in India recorded a rapid increase of two and half times in a span of 37 years increasing from 4.1 million bales (each bale of 180 kg) in 1960-61 to ten million bales in 1997-98. Jute is a yearly crop grown for the most part of the year in India & Bangladesh on the fertile Ganges Delta. The main concentration is in the Brahmaputra and Surma valleys. Light sandy or clayey loams are considered to be best suited soils for jute. West Bengal is the undisputed king of jute production in India accounting for over four-fifths of the production and nearly three-fourths of the area under jute. White jute (Corchorus capsularis. India Jute Production, India Jute Production Suppliers and Manufacturers Directory - Source a Large Selection of Jute Production Products at jute bag,jute fabrics,jute rope from India Alibaba.com There are year to year fluctuations in the quantity and value of jute imported by India. jute production in India, but for the last few years it has been facing ups and downs and condition of the other states is also not very satisfactory. India is the largest Jute producing country with annual production estimated to be around 1.986 million tonnes. Jute Production in India. Trading of jute is presently centered in and around our country, Bangladesh being the largest jute exporter whereas India is […] Besides the Indian subcontinent, jute is also grown in China and in Brazil. TOS 7. Though India remains the highest producer of Jute, there is an increased demand for jute products amongst the world countries and Jute exports from India earn revenues close to INR 900 crores. Between 1990 and 2000, yields increased from 1.60 to 1.86 tonnes per ha and are expected to continue increasing to 2.1 tonnes per ha by Prohibited Content 3. Almost all parts of the state are producing some jute but its cultivation decreases in the north sub-Himalayan region, towards the south in the Ganga delta where land is too low for jute and towards the west where the rocky ground of the Deccan plateau is more marked than the Ganga alluvium. After this, stripping, rinsing, washing and cleaning is done and the fibre is dried in the sun and pressed into bales. Set up in 1884, IJMA is the apex business chamber for India’s jute industry. This is a great achievement keeping in view the geographical limitations under which jute cultivation can be carried on. Katihar, Saharsa and Darbhanga are the other producing districts. With about 6.68 per cent of the production and 7.88 per cent of the area of the country, Assam is the third largest jute producing state of India. Jute is in great demand because of the cheapness, softness, strength, length, lustre and uniformity of its fibre. The Ganga delta region is suitable for Jute cultivation due to the rich fertile alluvium soil and favorable temperature and rainfall. Bangladesh is currently the second largest producer of jute fiber, now over taken by India. In Uttar Pradesh, areas along the Himalayan foothills including Kheri, Bahraich and Sitapur districts are the main producers. Strenuous efforts were made to increase production and area of jute, immediately after partition to feed our starving jute mills in the wake of short supply of raw jute. Other major jute producing regions in the country include Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, … After India was partitioned (1947), much of the jute-producing land remained in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), where new processing facilities were built. India Jute Bag Production, India Jute Bag Production Suppliers and Manufacturers Directory - Source a Large Selection of Jute Bag Production Products at jute bag,plastic bag production line,garbage bags production line from India Alibaba.com The leading producer of jute in the world is India; it commands a production of around 55 percent. The principal products can be reused and, as a result, many have a secondary value for other users. The country has employed modern farming techniques and approaches to increasing production and this has seen it become a dominant player in the market for several years. Large supply of cheap labour is also necessary for growing and processing the jute fibre. These efforts are currently being implemented by the National Jute Board (NJB). The crop takes 8- 10 months to mature but different varieties take different time to mature. The existing jute machines are currently been modernized to increase their productivity and reduce their labor costs. The difference in the production and capacity of jute is mainly attributed to the labor issues, primarily the shortage of labor. Jute, the vegetable fiber is a soft, shiny and long fiber that can be easily spun into coarse or strong threads. Next to cotton, jute is the second important fibre crop of India. 90% of the world’s jute is reaped in Bangladesh and the rest in India. Some jute is also produced in Maharashtra, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Tripura, Meghalaya and Andhra Pradesh. Thus a sort of consistency has been achieved with respect to jute production. The country earned lot of Foreign currency from jute & jute process products, The present government of Bangladesh has taken lot of steps Jute cultivation & production of jute & jute processing products & all for this Bangladesh gained good success in Jute products earnings. One bale is equal to 18 kg of jute. The production is huge in Ganges-Brahmaputra delta in the followi… India suffered a great setback in the production of jute as a result of partition of the country in 1947 because about 75 per cent of the jute producing areas went to Bangladesh (East Pakistan at that time) Fortunately, most of the jute mills remained in India. PRODUCTION OF JUTE GOODS India is the leading jute goods producing country in the world, accounting for about 70% of estimated world production. West Bengal accounts for almost 50% of the country’s total jute production. India is producing about 15 lakh tons of jute from about 8 lakh hectares of land. In 2003-04, India imported 111.9 thousand tonnes of jute … Despite such positive features, the world market for jute has remained depressed. The overall increase in jute production, in spite of jute area remaining more or less the same, is primarily due to increase in yields. There are year to year fluctuations in the quantity and value of jute imported by India. The prominence of India in the global production of jute is attributed to improvements in the crop cultivation process, as well as the use of technology in jute farming. IJMA offers statistics, Statistical Data about Worldwide Production of Raw Jute, Import & Export of Raw Jute, Kenaf & Alied Fibres Products. In a written reply given by the Union Minister of Textiles to the Rajya Sabha, the nation has been apprised of the current status of jute industry in the country. Go to Facts & Figures. Grievances; RTI; Tenders; Gallery; Archives; Contact Us; State Wise Production of Raw Jute. Cultivation of Jute in India. Bangladesh is the chief supplier of jute to India. The harvesting period generally starts in July and continues till October. Watch Queue Queue Production of jute also occurs in Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Tripura and Meghalaya. Image Guidelines 5. The Jat Area, popular for highest quality of jute fiber is located in Bangladesh. 94 crore. All this process is to be done by human hand for which/availability of plenty of labour at cheap rates is very essential. Goalpara, Kamrup, Nowgong, Darrang and Sibsagar are the main producing districts. India is the leading jute goods producing country in the world, accounting for about 70% of estimated world production. Research and development work carried by the agricultural scientists during the last few years has not only resulted in increasing yield of the fibre but also in improvement of the fibre quality and shortening of cultivation period. In 1965, there were 97 jute mills in India representing a capital investment of rupees 87.46 crores and employing 2.17 lakh persons. A total of 10 composite jute manufacturing units have also been established in the last five years. The primary cause of such a situation is the development of substitutes like plastic. Investigations reveal that the crop pattern jute-paddy-potato is more profitable for the farmers than say paddy-potato-sesame. Jute is an important natural fibre. Among the other producers, is Orissa, where Cuttack, Puri and Bolangir are the main producers. Topics: Jute • National Jute Board • Textiles, © Copyright 2009-2019 GKToday | All Rights Reserved, Current Affairs MCQs PDF - December, 2020, Current Affairs [PDF] - December 16-31, 2020, Current Affairs [PDF] - December 1-15, 2020, This forced the Indian government to increase. In 2002-03, West Bengal produced 85.06 lakh bales of jute. List of Indian Jute Mills Indian Jute at a glance Facts & Figures Btwill Order Format of Returns Technology Upfgradation Fund Price of Raw Jute & Jute Goods Fair Price of BTwill Sacking Looms & Spindles . Soft water is necessary for jute production. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. High temperature of water quickens the process of retting. Ownership and Management of Jute Industry: Currently India accounts for about 66 per cent of world jute production as compared to only 25 per cent produced by Bangladesh. ADVERTISEMENTS: Jute Production in India: Evolution and Developments! Uses of Jute in India Jute uses comprise containers for planting young trees which can be planted directly with the containers without disturbing the roots and land restoration where jute cloth prevents erosion occurring while natural vegetation become established. Copyright 10. Disclaimer 9. India’s own jute-processing industry began in 1855, Calcutta becoming the major centre. The state has produced 8349 per bale in the 577 hectares of area dedicated for jute production. India’s production of jute always falls short of her requirements and it is imported to feed our jute mills. Here hot and humid climate and alluvial, loamy soil coupled with cheap abundant labour provide the par excellence conditions for the growth of jute. As a result, India ends up importing Jute from Bangladesh. Hooghly: Lakhs of jute mill workers who are dealing with an uncertain future are representative of the struggle of the largest jute producing state in India, West Bengal. Research on Jute Technology is being carried out at the National Institute for Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology (formally known as Jute Technological Research Laboratory), Kolkata. Jute is the crop of hot and humid climate. Jute is a cash crop of hot and moist climate. The share of Ganga delta contributes for about 85% of the World-wide Jute cultivation. However, major part of the production comes from Nadia, Murshidabad, 24 Parganas, Coochbehar, Jalpaiguri, Hugli, West Dinajpur, Bardhaman, Maldah and Medinipur districts. Earlier, increase in jute production in India was due to increase in area but faced a set back with the advent of cheaper synthetic fibre in a big way. Therefore, Bangladesh is able to supply the highest quality of jute fiber in the world. Being a natural fibre, jute is biodegradable and as such “environment friendly”. Bulk of the manufactured jute goods is predominantly being used in packaging purposes in domestic market. Method of Cultivating and Processing of Jute. The production of jute goods stood at 13.35 lakh metric tons and the value of jute goods exported constituted 20.5% of India’s total exports in 1964—65. Incessant and untimely rainfalls as well as prolonged droughts are detrimental to this crop. The significant role played by jute in the country’s economy can be accessed from the fact that more than 4 million farm families are involved in jute farming and majority of them belong to small and marginal categories. Jute is primarily grown in West Bengal, Odisha, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and … The plants are cut to the ground and tied into bundles. Large quantity of water is required not only for growing the jute crop but also for processing the fibre after the crop is harvested. Area and Production of Jute: Globally, the area under jute and juit like fibre is around 1.93 M ha with a production of 3.27 M t. The average word productivity is 1,700 kg ha -1. jute in India is expected to contract by 2.7 percent per annum, although production is expected to remain at approximately at 1.6 million tonnes due to increases in yield. 10 Geography 2 Marks. Jute requires 5–8 cm (2–3 in) of rainfall weekly, and more during the sowing time. Historical documents (including Ain-e-Akbari by Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak in 1590) state that the poor villagers of India used to wear clothes made of jute. Bihar is the second largest producer but lagging far behind West Bengal in the production of jute accounting only for about 9.72 per cent of the production and over 17 per cent of the area of the country under jute. 2. This video is unavailable. Jute is generally sown in February on lowlands and in March-May on uplands. Since jute rapidly exhausts the fertility of soil, it is necessary that the soil is replenished annually by the silt-laden flood water of the rivers. It is used for manufacturing a large variety of articles such as gunny bags, hessian, ropes, strings, carpets, rugs and clothes, tarpaulins, upholstery and decoration pieces. West Bengal is the largest jute industry in India and thus, the state enjoys the first position in the list of jute business and profits. The state accounts for over 80 percent of the jute production in the country and employs one-fourth of its population in jute mills. Sl. additionally, India dominates the export market of jute products like carpets and packaging bags. Besides 0.5 million people are involved in raw jute and finished goods trading and ancillary activities. Jute Bag Manufacturing Business Opportunity & How To Start:- Business Plan Back in 1793, the British East India Company delegated the first export of 100 tons of jute and it was frequently exported since then. The production of jute goods last year and current year is given below:- … It requires high temperature varying from 24°C to 35°C and heavy rainfall of 120 to 150 cm with 80 to 90 per cent relative humidity during the period of its growth Small amount of pre-monsoon rainfall varying from 25 cm to 55 cm is very useful because it helps in the proper growth of the plant till the arrival of the proper monsoon. India is the largest jute producing country in the world, with annual production estimated at more 1.968 million tonnes. Sheafs of jute stocks are then immersed in flood water or ponds or stagnant water for about 2 to 3 weeks for retting. ADVERTISEMENTS: This institute was established in 1938 and was integrated with ICAR in 196 Grading of Raw Jute for […] The area under jute cultivation rose sharply from 0.6 million hectare in 1960-61 to 0.8 million hectare in 1970-71. Some jute is also produced in Maharashtra, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Tripura, Meghalaya and Andhra Pradesh. After retting is complete, the bark is peeled from the plant and fibre is removed. Occasional showers varying from 2 to 3 cm at intervals of a week’s time during the growing period are very useful. The entire jute production is consumed in the jute mills located in the Hugli basin. Jute producing states in India are Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Meghalaya, Assam and Orissa. The yield of jute almost doubled from 1,183 kg/hectare in 1960- 61 to 2,183 kg/hectare in 2003-04. After 1997-98, varying trends in production have been observed. Content Guidelines 2. India is the world’s biggest producer of jute, followed by Bangladesh. Privacy Policy 8. Bangladesh is the chief supplier of jute to India. The improvement in crop cultivation and the use of technology in jute farming has made India prominent in global production of Jute. Table 24.16 Production, Area and Yield of Jute in India: However, the total production of jute in India stood fairly above ten million bales between 2001-02 and 2003-04. State Wise Production of Raw Jute. Purnea is the largest producing district accounting for 60 per cent of Bihar s production. जूट उत्पादक राज्य (Jute production in India state wise): Trick: "BaBi Assam AO MeghNA TRIpathi ke ghar" स्पष्टीकरण : क्रम युक्ति राज्य उत्पादन 1 Ba- बंगाल (पश्चिम बंगाल) 8349 bales 2 Bi- बिहार 1690 bales 3 Assam- असम 823 bales 4 A- आन्ध्र प Trade: India’s production of jute always falls short of her requirements and it is imported to feed our jute mills. West Bengal accounts for about 70 per cent of the total production of jute in India. Content Filtrations 6. Rainfall between 2.5 to 7.5 cm in a month, during the sowing period, is considered to be sufficient. After this juncture the area under jute cultivation varied between 0.8 million hectares and 0.9 million hectares. India is unable to produce enough raw jute to meet its requirements. India ranks first both in area and production of juit. Luckily, this labour is readily available because jute is cultivated in areas of high population density. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Report a Violation, Cotton Cultivation in India: Conditions, Types, Production and Distribution, Maize Cultivation in India: Conditions, Production and Distribution, Rubber Cultivation in India: Production, Distribution and Trade. while India has an effective installed capacity of around 16.5 lakh metric tonne, the total production of jute is limited to around 11.5 lakh metric tonnes in the country. Cultivation of jute generates employment (seasonal) of more than 10 million man days per season. 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