2. Kelp (Fucus vesiculosis) is anti-obesity, and is rich in organic minerals, biotin and methionine (needed to ensure healthy hoof growth) and magnesium (low levels of magnesium have been linked to IR). What causes insulin resistance? By Joseph Thomas, PhD. The lifestyle of your horse plays just as important a role as dietary management. Just because your horse is laminitic doesn’t mean they are Insulin Resistant Even though laminitis and Insulin Resistance often present together, laminitis can also be caused by other … By Dr. Wendy Pearson, PhD (Dr. of veterinary toxicology), Laminitis and insulin-resistance (IR) are troublesome conditions in and of themselves, so it is all the more frustrating that they tend to travel together. However, certain types of body fat, especially those found in the abdomen, are now thought to be actively involved in a number of metabolic processes, including cortisol production. Iron is often not listed … Continue reading "Safe Supplements … Lack of nutrient absorption has been linked to the onset of some forms of founder. When evaluating supplements for horses prone to high insulin levels there are two basic areas to consider - the active ingredients and the base. This further inhibits the action of insulin, encouraging some of the cells to become insulin resistant and preventing the normal uptake of glucose by these cells, leading to high circulating blood glucose levels. It contains high levels of other minerals, trace elements, amino acids and vitamins. For many of us, that beautiful spring green has become a … Ration balancers are low carb, low fat, and a higher protein which lower insulin and also help build muscle in Cushing’s horses. These predisposing characteristics help the cells of the horses’ body to become resistant to the presence of insulin. How do you treat insulin resistance in horses? Helpful Herbs for Insulin Resistance Artichoke Leaf (Cynara scolymus) is hypoglycemic (reduces blood … You may submit articles either by our online contact form, or by mail to: Equine Wellness Magazine to qualify. Mucilages are a class of soluble fiber and psyllium in particular has been well studied and shown to be effective at lowering blood cholesterol, insulin and glucose levels. Artichoke significantly reduces serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Chasteberry has been shown to improve glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in some horses with insulin resistance, a common contributing factor to laminitis. There are several key minerals needed for glucose metabolism that help the Cushing’s horses. Every attempt is made to return photographic material, but it is advised that you keep copies of your images. The most effective method for preventing IR-dependent episodes of laminitis is to treat the IR. Artichoke is also a prebiotic that will help encourage production of “good” hind gut bacteria, and improve the liver function necessary to help break down stored fat. The ideal diet for an insulin-resistant horse is a low-Sugar/Starch grass hay with plain beet pulp to carry minerals, vitamin E, and essential fatty acids to complement that hay. Magnesium also helps the cells be … In humans the "thrifty genotype" has been described. Be sure to include your name, address, phone number, FAX number and/or e-mail address on your manuscript. Enter the password that accompanies your username. But Metformin is a human Diabetes drug that has one job – to lower Glucose. These actions are particularly relevant, as it has been suggested horses may struggle to absorb nutrients from their food if the integrity of the gut is compromised. Insulin Resistance (IR) is a commonly used and poorly understood term. Jiang Tang Cha is a blend of nine herbs. You may submit a maximum of two photos of each animal in your home. Hilary Self is co–founder of Hilton Herbs Ltd, a company that for the last 22 years has been at the forefront of manufacturing and formulating herbal supplements for animals. Genetics plays a role in insulin resistance and sensitivity to rich foods. Scientists classify insulin sensitivity and resistance as insulin dysregulation (ID). An email will be sent to you with each new issue that is published. Age is another one; older horses (older than 20 years) have an increased risk of developing Equine … US: 6834 S. University Blvd. HiltonHerbs.com, Amber Marshall – the Heartland star opens up about life, love,…, New bill would ban doping horses on race day, 5 horse-related podcasts every equestrian needs in their life, Making disaster plans for your horses is more important than ever. Insulin Resistance Metabolic Syndrome. Before land was divided by fencing, the soil was depleted, and horses were limited to homogenized patches of grass and bales of hay, horses took care of themselves by eating a wide variety of vegetation, including many herbs. Whole Horse Herbs P.O. The lifestyle of your horse plays just as important a role as dietary management. Enter full name, email address, and mailing address to qualify. Body fat was once thought to be just an energy reserve and protector of vital organs. 2. CAN: 202-160 Charlotte St., Peterborough, ON K9J 2T8. “It is important that equine-specific research work is undertaken into the alternative treatments before conclusions can be made as to the value and safety of herbal remedies in the treatment or support of horses with insulin resistance… Crypto Areo Wholefood Horse Feed (1) Equithrive (1) Kentucky Performance Products (1) Med-Vet Pharmaceuticals (MVP) (3) Here, the hormone insulin acts like a “key”, allowing glucose to enter cells where it is used as an energy source by the body. Experts believe IR mimics Cushing’s disease in many ways, although the horse does not have the benign pituitary adenoma present in the Cushing’s animal. The inflammation and weak hooves that are associated with laminitis is painful for horses… On the ingredients front, some things to generally avoid include: Added iron. Obesity is the biggest risk factor for insulin resistance. Hilary is the author of two books: A Modern Horse Herbal and A Veteran Horse Herbal. Box 544 Oakhurst, CA 93644-0544 559-683-4434 You will receive a 1 Year Digital Subscription to North America’s #1 Natural Health Magazine for Horses. Diagnosis revolves around clinical signs (abnormal body fat distribution, abdominal fat, cresty neck, fatty shoulders, geldings with swollen sheaths), in combination with blood tests. Withania, Borage, Blue Flag, Phytolacca, Chamomile, Chaste Tree and Mugwort Supporting the Metabolic Partners – … Magnesium affects insulin secretion and its action in the cells. Printed in: Natural Horse Volume 8, Issue 5 . There are likely hundreds of herbs that can be used, but you must keep in mind that not every herb is appropriate for every horse. Sugar-free peppermints, peanuts in the shell, cut up hay cubes, alfalfa or timothy pellets, and even celery are great low carb snacks to give horses. Regular exercise is essential to encourage loss of body weight, and a greater muscle mass will help with fat metabolism (muscles burn more calories). Without any FDA-approved medications specifically indicated for insulin dysregulation—a component of equine metabolic syndrome—veterinarians borrowed metformin from human medicine to help affected horses… This creates a breeding ground for fatty deposits in capillaries which cause release of inflammatory compounds which further exacerbate the problem. Conversely, when glucose levels in the body drop, the production of insulin stops. There are a number of herbs which have shown excellent efficacy in treating IR in humans, one of the most well-studied of which is fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum). It makes no sense to give a drug to lower Glucose in a horse … Although we prefer to use original material only, we do sometimes publish book excerpts. So while fresh, rich springtime grass beckons winter-weary horses, the insulin-resistant ones must stand resigned and glum on the wrong side of the fence as their well-intentioned owners toss them last year’s browning hay.Â, IR can occur in horses just as easily as in humans, and in many cases for the same reasons. 3. Hilary is a Medical Herbalist and a member of the National Institute of Medical Herbalists. “If the insulin concentration is above 20 micro-units per milliliter [after fasting] the horse is said to be insulin resistant… It reduces blood sugar and cholesterol levels in diabetics. It is important that any herbal supplementation be used in conjunction with a steady (gradual) fitting up/weight loss program. Please do not send multiple submissions (articles that have been sent to more than one publication) unless you have received confirmation that the story will not be used by another magazine. Please include your name, address and telephone number or email address, along with your animal’s name, sex and age (if known) and a short description of the photo. Hilary Self is cofounder of Hilton Herbs Ltd., a company that manufactures and formulates herbal supplements for animals. Equine Metabolic Syndrome and Equine Cushing’s Disease, Changes in Gut Microflora Could Provide Early Warning of EMS, Laminitis in Horses with EMS and Cushing’s Disorder, Free-Choice Feeding is Not the Answer to Equine Obesity. It may partly be due to genetics and breeding, but the way we manage our horses and ponies is also a culprit. Eleanor M. Kellon, VMD When evaluating supplements for horses prone to high insulin levels there are two basic areas to consider: the active ingredients and the base. Herbs can provide tremendous benefits to any horse, but especially are beneficial to the equine metabolic syndrome patient with insulin or leptin resistance. The number of insulin resistant horses is on the rise. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a cholagogue, which means it stimulates the production and flow of bile, aiding in fat digestion. As the #1 natural horse magazine in North America, we take pride in providing our readers with the information they need to make wise health care choices for their animal companions. Insulin Resistance, cinnamon, herbs As spring approaches in most parts of the country, we have to turn our thoughts to the flush of spring grass. Mint (Mentha piperata) is a digestive carminative and soothing to the digestive system. Blood samples are usually taken for insulin and glucose, and sometimes triglyceride (component of fat) levels. Sugar Balance Naturally is a powerful blend of natural herbal ingredients that treat Insulin Resistance in horses by helping to regulate glucose and insulin. With high body fat stores, cortisol production levels remain high and are not switched off, leading to increased circulating levels of cortisol. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum – graecum) is hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic. This article was originally published in the June 2014 issue of Canadian Horse Journal. Horses do not need a bagged … On the ingredients front, some things to generally avoid include: Added iron. TCVM Herbal Formula Jiang Tang Cha For example, Jiang Tang Cha helps horses suffering from insulin resistance or diabetes. Cleansing and anti-diabetic, nettle will stimulate blood supply to vital organs and in particular to the limbs and feet. Cortisol is a natural steroid hormone; among its many functions, it inhibits the action of insulin and provokes the flight-or-fight response to stress. Insulin-resistant horses are usually on almost all-forage diets and often not getting the minimum specified feeding rate of a commercial feed. … But unlike their wild cousins, our pampered domesticated horses are never required to go through the scarce food times of winter. These horses often have iron overload. (When fed as recommended, commercial feeds supply the minerals that may be low or missing in a forage-based diet, but many of these horses … Unused material will be returned after due consideration. Send a digital photo, scanned at a minimum of 5″ x 7″, at 300dpi resolution in a jpeg, tif or pdf format to info@equinewellnessmagazine.com, or send a good quality hard copy original photo (not a color photocopy) to: Photo Contest, Equine Wellness Magazine The insulin-resistant horse looks longingly at early spring pasture. 1. 5. Hilary is responsible for all the company’s formulations and for clinical research into the use of herbs for animals. A brief biographical sketch of yourself is also recommended. If you are sending your submission by regular mail, please also enclose a SASE and keep a copy of the article for your own files. Goats rue (Galega officinalis) is hypoglycemic, and like psyllium it inhibits the absorption of glucose from the gut, thereby reducing sugar levels in the bloodstream. There are many supplements on the market for … Mostly, horse … Daily turnout is vital – horses and ponies were designed to graze while on the move, which again encourages the burning of calories. Thank you for your interest in writing for Equine Wellness. The body still needs an energy source to function correctly, however, so the liver starts to break down stored fat reserves (gluconeogenesis). The IR horse is typically rather round, has enjoyed too much sugar and starch in his/her diet, is a bit of a couch potato and may have some mineral imbalances. Milk thistle is hepatoprotective and has a strong antioxidant action (offering ten times the antioxidant action of vitamin E). Consider topics you know well and/or that will offer special interest and appeal to our readers. They may be submitted either digitally (at 300dpi) or as prints or slides along with your manuscript. Perform any additional tasks (liking a Facebook page, captioning a photo, submitting a story, etc.) 4. Please ensure that any health facts or statistics that might appear in your article are accurate and come from an accredited source. Interested in a print subscription? Ponies and horses that have been fed processed packet feeds, overfed and/or obese are most likely now in a … See previous Baroque horse magazine issue 23 on more nervous system herbs. Peterborough, ON, Canada K9J 2T8. To understand why laminitis is so frequently co-morbid with IR, we need only look to the diabetics in our own lives who struggle with poor circulation in their feet, hands and legs. PMB 155, Centennial, CO 80122 160 Charlotte Street, Suite 202 Ginger is also a vasodilator and strong circulatory stimulant that will help encourage healthy blood supply to vital organs and limbs. Our turnaround response time for submissions is four weeks. The body of both humans and horses is well adapted to periods of famine and is … These horses … Hilary is also a member of the USA’s National Animal Supplements Councils (NASC) Scientific Advisory Committee. I prefer kelp (seaweed). Ginger (Zingiber officinale) contains gingerol, which has been shown to have prolonged hypoglycemic activity. Founder is usually a feature at some point, with hoof changes such as founder rings, or an expansion of the white line suggesting some founder has occurred, even despite the absence of apparent foot pain. The clinical signs of IR include rather odd fatty deposits in various places on the horse’s body, excessive drinking and urination and, of course, laminitis.Â. Normally, when carbohydrates are digested they are converted into glucose, which is absorbed through the gut wall and enters the bloodstream. Mint is also a good source of potassium and magnesium. One consequence of increased body fat is that it can lead to an increase in the level of cortisol. Hays already have plenty of iron. Articles may range in length from 500 to 1,500 words. Nettle (Urtica dioica) is a circulatory stimulant, rich in vitamin C, iron, sodium and dietary fiber. Our publication embraces the entire holistic spectrum, from physical health issues to the emotional and spiritual well being of our animals. Click here to view our current issue of Equine Wellness Magazine. The relationship between obesity, insulin resistance and EMS can be tricky, as not all obese horses are insulin resistant and develop EMS. Although affected animals may be overweight, this is not always the case. 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