By attacking Galileo, the Pope could be seen as showing the more conservative elements that he was not a radical. The Folly of Pope Urban VIII and the Banning of Astrological Prophesies of Papal Fates. Pope Urban VIII was not present in person, but he was there in spirit, for his personal feelings of anger and frustration were the driving force behind the extraordinary proceedings. Pope Urban VIII’s long reign included the Catholic church’s involvement in the Thirty Years War and the condemnation of Galileo as a heretic. Under Urban VIII Bernini began to produce new and different kinds of monuments—tombs and fountains. Pope Urban VIII (April 1568 – July 29, 1644), born Maffeo Barberini, was Pope from 1623 to 1644. On April 12, 1633, chief inquisitor Father Vincenzo Maculano, appointed by Pope Urban VIII, launched an inquisition of Galileo and ordered the astronomer to … The trial may have been a reaction to the political pressure being put on Pope Urban VIII by the Spanish (and others). Urban VIII died disliked and in disgrace, his achievements as pope, such as denouncing the slave trade in the West Indies and Brazil, clearing the way for Jesuit missionaries to travel to South America, China and Japan and banning the use of tobacco in holy places – a decree that was repealed 100 years later – not given the recognition they deserved. He was the last Pope to expand the papal territory by force of arms, and was a prominent patron of the arts and reformer of Church missions. Pope Urban VIII (baptized 5 April 1568 – July 29, 1644), born Maffeo Barberini, was Pope from 1623 to 1644. Urban VIII, given name Maffeo Barberini, Roman Catholic Pope from 1623 to 1644, was born in 1568, of a wealthy Florentine family. It was the pope who persuaded Bernini to study architecture and that led to him improving the Vatican as well as many fountains in Rome. A former to Paris, he had been made a cardinal at the relatively young age of thirty-eight, and was known for his great knowledge and for his love of art and literature. He early entered the prelacy, became prefect of Spoleto, twice nuncio to France, cardinal (1606), and finally, on the 6th of August 1623, succeeded Pope Gregory XV as pope. (He did, after all, force Galileo to recant). He was the last Pope to expand the papal territory by force of arms, and was a prominent patron of the arts and reformer of Church missions. Read Later ; Print. Portrait of Pope Urban VIII, created in 1632 AD by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, is an oil-on-canvas painting that was commissioned by its subject and namesake. 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