The civil war lasted until 2 November 743. Eldest daughter. Leo, however, was a steadfast iconoclastwho, according to tradition, found that Irene possessed icons and thereafter would no longer … Holy Roman Emperor-Wikipedia. The plot was uncovered and Irene was placed under house arrest. Irene Palaiologina (died after 1356), was the Empress consort of Matthew Kantakouzenos. One of Irene's descendants, Irene Asanina (daughter of her son Andronikos Asen) married the future Byzantine Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos and through their daughter Helena (who married emperor John V Palaiologos), became the ancestress of later Byzantine emperors. It is believed that she was born of a Greek noble family. In 798 she opened diplomatic relations with the Western emperor Charlemagne, and in 802 a marriage between her and Charlemagne was reportedly contemplated.According to the contemporary Byzantine historian Theophanes, the scheme was frustrated by one of Irene’s favourites. It is unclear why she was selected as the bride for the young Leo IV. Empress Irene stands on the left side of the Virgin, wearing ceremonial garments, offering a document. Irene was brought to Constantinople by Emperor Constantine V on 1 November 768 and was married to his son Leo IVon 17 December. The clergy and nobles attending the ceremony proclaimed Charlemagne as “Emperor of the Roman Empire.” In support of Charlemagne’s coronation, some argued that the imperial position was actually vacant, deeming a wom… Matthew was able to keep his title and part of Thrace as his own dominion. ναία, Eirénē ē Athēnaía; c. 752 – 9 August 803), surnamed Sarantapechaina (Σαρανταπήχαινα), was Byzantine empress consort by marriage to Emperor Leo IV from 775 to 780, regent during the minority of her son Constantine VI from 780 until 790, co-regent from 792 until 797, and finally sole ruler and first empress regnant of the Byzantine Empire from 797 to 802. English: Empress Irene, born Princess Piroska of Hungary (*1088 – †13 August, 1134), was a daughter of King Ladislaus I of Hungary and Princess Adelaide of Swabia.She was married to Byzantine Emperor John II Comnenus.She and Emperor John had eight children. On February, 1356, he and Irene were captured by Serbian forces and remained in captivity until delivered to John V in December, 1357. Irene then reigned alone as emperor (not empress) for five years. Yolande of Montferrat (c. 1274 – 1317 in Constantinople) (also known as Violante, then Empress Irene) was the second wife of Andronikos II Palaiologos and thus empress of the Byzantine Empire. Irene was born in Athens about the year 752. Although Ivaylo defeated several of Michael VIII's attempts to depose him, he was blockaded for three months in Drăstăr (Silistra) by the Mongol allies of Michael VIII. She apparently was a beautiful but orphaned girl who at the age of seventeen was brought to Constantinople by the Emperor Constantine V to be married to his son Leo in November 769. Erich Lamberz has proved that this "session" is a late ninth-century forgery (see Price, The Acts of the Second Council of Nicaea, 655-6). Prior to becoming empress regnant, Irene was empress consort from 775 to 780, and empress dowager and regent from 780 to 797. Irene was also known for her generous financial policies, which were especially friendly to monasteries. In 797, the Eastern Emperor Constantine VI was deposed and replaced as monarch by his mother, Irene. The, Maria Kantakouzene. An emperor (from Latin: imperator, via Old French: empereor) is a monarch, and usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. Her paternal grandparents were Andronikos II Palaiologos and his second wife Irene of Montferrat. Charlemagne-Wikipedia. On 4 December 1354, John VI abdicated and he and Asanina retired to separate monasteries while John V secured control of Constantinople. Σαρανταπήχαινα), Byzantine empress regnant from 797 to 802. Irene of Athens (c. 752 – 803 AD) was Byzantine empress from 797 to 802.; Before that, Irene was empress consort from 775 to 780, and empress dowager and regent from 780 to 797. On 3 February 1347, the two sides reached an agreement. Michael Asen, titular emperor of Bulgaria. Married John Laskaris Kalopheros, a man of senatorial rank from the, This page was last edited on 8 August 2020, at 17:44. She was the heir of the Margraviate of Montferrat. Irene’s unprecedented position as an empress ruling in her own right was emphasized by the coincidental rise of the Carolingian Empire in western Europe, which rivaled Irene’s Byzantium in size and power. In the interval a Byzantine force besieged the Bulgarian capital, Tarnovo, and, hearing a rumor of Ivaylo's death in battle, the local nobility surrendered and accepted Ivan Asen III as emperor in 1279 and Irene became the new empress consort of Bulgaria. Δούκαινα, Eirēnē Doukaina; c. 1066 – 19 February 1138) was the wife of the Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos, and the mother of the emperor John II Komnenos and of the historian Anna Komnene. Her family background is not known. Especially unusual is that, while Constantine V was a militant iconoclast who was known for persecuting venerators of icons, Irene herself displayed iconophile predilections. This fact, combined with the limited information available about her family, has led some scholars to speculate that Irene may have been se… Irene Yolande of Montferrat Eirene of Montferrat Yolanda (renamed Irene) of Montferrat Yolanda/Violante Yolande Yolande of Montferrat (c. 1274 – 1317 in Constantinople) (also known as Violante, then Empress Irene) was the second wife of Andronikos II Palaiologos and thus empress of the Byzantine Empire. Δούκαινα, Eirēnē Doukaina) (c. 1066 – February 19, 1123 or 1133) was the wife of the Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos, and the mother of the emperor John II Komnenos and of the historian Anna Komnene. On 26 October 1341, her father-in-law John VI was crowned emperor at Didymoteicho. The role of Irene in the war is not described by Theophanes. In 800, Charlemagne was crowned emperor by Pope Leo III, on Christmas Day. Born in Athens of a Greek noble family, between the years of 750 and 755, little is known regarding Irene Sarantapechaina's life before ascending to the Byzantine throne. Based on Wikipedia content that has been reviewed, edited, and republished. Powerful Facts About Empress Irene, The Byzantine Rebel Mehroo S. Beauty, brains, and an iron will: Irene of Athens used all of these to stay in power in the cut-throat world of the Byzantine Empire. Theodora (/ ˌ θ iː ə ˈ d ɔːr ə /; Greek: Θεοδώρα; c. 500 – 28 June 548) was an Eastern Roman empress by marriage to emperor Justinian.She became empress upon Justinian's accession in 527 and was one of his chief advisers, albeit from humble origins. Marriage. However, civil war broke out almost immediately as Artabasdos, brother-in-law of Constantine, claimed the throne for himself. Δούκαινα, Eirēnē Doukaina; c. 1066 – 19 February 1138) was a Byzantine Empress by marriage to the Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos, and the mother of the emperor John II Komnenos and of the historian Anna Komnene. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Irene_Palaiologina_(Byzantine_empress)&oldid=971858254, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Theodora Kantakouzene. John VI was accepted as senior emperor with John V as his junior co-ruler. The years of Leo’s rule were full of conflicts. Irene became thus the third Empress consort along with her mother-in-law Irene Asanina (wife of John VI) and sister-in-law Helena Kantakouzene (wife of John V). The date of her death was not recorded. Although the ex-tsaritsa Maria Kantakouzene and her son were sent to exile in Byzantium, Ivan Asen III and Irene failed to assert themselves throughout the country. From 797 to 802 CE she ruled as emperor in her own right, the first woman to do so in Byzantine history. Theodora Asenina, who married Fernan Jimenez d'Aunez and then, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 11:14. By her marriage with Ivan Asen, Irene Palaiologina had several children: They became the progenitors of the large and influential Asen/Asanes family Asen in the Byzantine Empire, which prospered in various court and provincial offices until the end of the empire and its dependencies in the mid-15th century. After her death, she became a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church.. Irene Palaiologina (Greek: Ειρήνη Παλαιολογίνα, Bulgarian: Ирина Палеологина) was the eldest[citation needed] daughter of Byzantine emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos and empress Theodora Palaiologina, and empress consort of Ivan Asen III of Bulgaria. She gave birth to a son, Constantine, on January 14, 771. The civil war between them lasted until 1347. She was later venerated as Saint Irene. Empress Irene (image from “Pala d’Oro”, Venice) Not much is known about Irene’s early life. Depiction of Byzantine Empress Irene, the wife of Emperor John II (r. 1118-1143 CE) as found in the Hagia Sophia in modern-day Istanbul (previously Constantinople), Turkey. Empress Irene was born between 750 and 755 into a noble family of Athens. She was also known to have initiated the Second Council of Nicea. His mournful features, reflect his death from tuberculosis in the same year. After Irene's rise to sole rule, Aetios developed an intense rivalry with her eunuch chief minister Staurakios. She born between 750 and 755 CE and was related in some way to the noble Greek Sarantapechos family of Athens. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Irene_Palaiologina,_Empress_of_Bulgaria&oldid=999281247, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Saint Irene of Hungary (1088 – 13 August 1134), born Piroska, was a Byzantine empress by marriage to John II Komnenos. The couple had at least five children:[1], Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies. Fearing the rapid success of Ivaylo's revolt in Bulgaria, Michael VIII summoned Ivan Asen, a descendant of Bulgaria's ruling dynasty living at the Byzantine Empire (he was the son of Mitso Asen, who reigned in 1256–57), granted him the title of despotes, and married him to Irene in 1277 or 1278. Examples of Empress Irene in the following topics: The Emperor Irene. Παλαιολογίνα, Bulgarian: Ирина Палеологина) was the eldest daughter of Byzantine emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos and empress Theodora Palaiologina, and empress consort of Ivan Asen III of Bulgaria. On 15 April 1353, Matthew was declared co-emperor and the conflict between John V and John VI restarted over what was seen as an attempt of John VI to secure his succession. Matthew was forced to abdicate and Irene ceased being considered an Empress. Constantine V died in 775, and Leo IV, known as the Khazar for his maternal heritage, became the emperor, and Irene the empress consort. The paternal uncles of Irene included Michael IX Palaiologos and Theodore I, Marquess of Montferrat. Prokopia married Michael Rhangabe during the late 8th century. Empress Irene by Sailko (CC BY-SA) Empress Irene was the wife of Leo IV and, on her husband’s death, she reigned as regent for her son Constantine VI from 780 to 790 CE. In 1280, Ivan Asen and Irene secretly fled Tarnovo with choice treasures taken from the palace treasury, including pieces captured from defeated Byzantine emperors in former victories. By her marriage to Emperor Leo IV the Khazar, Irene had only one son Constantine VI, whom she succeeded on the throne. License. This caused an alliance between Ivaylo and the dowager Bulgarian empress Maria Kantakouzene: she married Ivaylo, who was recognized as Bulgarian emperor in 1278, without deposing or disinheriting the young Michael Asen II, her son by the late Constantine Tikh, whom Ivaylo killed at the beginning of the revolt. Irene was a daughter of despotēs Demetrios Palaiologos and his wife Theodora. Irene Palaiologina, was the Empress consort of Matthew Kantakouzenos. Ivaylo reappeared before the walls of the capital and defeated two Byzantine attempts to relieve Ivan Asen III. One was with his five younger half-brothers, who challenged him for the throne. Her maternal aunts included Simonida. Michael VIII then sent several Byzantine armies in an attempt to install Ivan Asen III on the throne. The History of John VI Kantakouzenos records the marriage of Irene to Matthew Kantakouzenos in 1340. Aetios or Aetius (Greek Ἀέτιος) was a Byzantine eunuch official and one of the most trusted advisers of Byzantine empress Irene of Athens (r. 797–802). She is venerated as a saint. Irene Palaiologina(died after 1356), was the Empress consort of Matthew Kantakouzenos. Byzantine authors say that the tsar and the tsarina did not feel comfortable living in the palace where they had been surrounded by еnemies. Reaching Mesembria (Nesebar), the imperial couple sailed for Constantinople, where the enraged Michael VIII refused to receive them for days for their cowardice. wikipedia Perhaps she was taking cues from Marcy from Peanuts, who called Peppermint Patty "Sir Their eldest son Alexius Comnenos is represented on an adjacent pilaster. Leo exiled his half-brothers. In 802, reigning Empress Irene was deposed by an alliance of patricians and eunuchs.Their leader was Nikephoros, father of Prokopia, who at the time held the position of finance minister (logothetēs tou genikou). Nov 9, 2014 - Captain Janeway was referred to as "Sir," despite clearly not being a man. Her listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley. Also, to open the posts of this year, certainly later than planned, we begin with the Byzantine Empress Irene of Athens and how important she was to the Orthodox Eastern Church. She was an orphan, and there is some mystery around why she was chosen from obscurity to be the bride of Leo IV, heir to Constantinople. His rival John V Palaiologos reigned from Constantinople. He was a son of Theophylaktos Rhangabe, admiral of the Aegean fleet.. Constantine V succeeded him with Irene as empress. The so-called "Eighth Session" (October 23, 787) held in Constantinople at the Magnaura Palace supposedly in the presence of the emperors Constantine IV and Irene. , Eirēnē) (c. 752 – August 9, 803) was Byzantine empress from 797 to 802. After Staurakios's death, Aetios became the leading man in the state. 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