Note: The Middle East is a loosely defined geographic region; the countries listed are generally considered part of the Middle East. Representing a round earth on a flat map requires some distortion of the geographic features no matter how the map is done. Turkmen, another Turkic language from Central Asia, is the sole official language of Turkmenistan, though Russian has some limited recognition. The Middle East’s recent history during the 21st century has also been marred with violence. The concept of an Eastern, "Indian" (Indies) or "Oriental" sphere was emphasized by ideas of racial as well as religious and cultural differences. The Western countries refer to countries mainly in Europe, the Americas, and Australasia. Barbara, Koening A. Macao has East Asia's smallest population, but it is the most densely populated territory on Earth. It is the sole official language of Turkey and one of the two official languages of Cyprus, alongside Greek. This map was created by a user. 2001. Jesus is believed to have been born in Nazareth, which is located in what is now the northern region of Israel, and indeed early Christianity traces its origins back to the Middle East. Europe Map 2019. The majority of the Middle East region is characterized by a warm desert climate. American Anthropologist 100(3)651 -660. Key Difference – Western vs Eastern Europe . Eastern Europe, with its mosaic of countries, nations, languages, and ethnicity may seem overwhelming for an out of the area tourist. (1998). Several Persian empires originating in modern Iran also rose to dominance in the Middle East, while the Romans and their successor state in the East, the Byzantine Empire, eventually controlled the region from the Mediterranean coasts up to the Euphrates River. These spoken languages include (but are not limited to) Berber, Circassian, English, French, Gagauz, Hindi, Romani, Russian, Somali, and several Modern Aramaic dialects. October 26, 2006. It covers all the countries that lie in the eastern part of Europe. Egypt in Africa also borders the Mediterranean and is sometimes considered as part of the Middle East, while Turkey and Cyprus literall… It is often seen as a counterpart to the Western world, and correlates strong… Map of Europe with countries and capitals. East Asia is the most populous region in the world. Europe Map. Continue to 4 of 23 below. East Europe as a concept has been in decline since the end of the cold war. Europe Map of National Dishes. Although the concept of a unified Asian race does exist, its legitimacy is dubious, given how many different countries and cultures Asia comprises. Map of Central Europe. Reference. Aside from official and national languages, there are also a wide variety of minority languages which are a product of the diverse cultures, patterns of migration, and economic activities of the Middle East. The Middle East is a geographical and cultural region located primarily in western Asia, but also in parts of northern Africa and southeastern Europe. The two largest denominations of Islam in the Middle East are Sunni and Shia, though Sunni is the more dominant sect in most countries of the region. Europe: Countries Printables - Map Quiz Game: From Portugal to Russia, and from Cyprus to Norway, there are a lot of countries to keep straight in Europe. This free map quiz will help familiarize you with places off-the-radar places like Moldova, Slovakia, and Belarus. Eastern philosophy, art, literature, and other traditions, are often found throughout the region in places of high importance, such as popular culture, architecture and traditional literature. The Prime Meridian is the line of longitude at which longitude is defined to be 0°.. All countries located to the east of the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) are in the Eastern Hemisphere, while countries west of the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) are in the Western Hemisphere. Eastern Europe Map Quiz. Fill in the map by clicking each highlighted country. From Iceland to Greece and everything in between, this geography study aid will get you up to speed in no time, while also being fun. And it is understandable: the geographical boundaries have constantly moved during centuries, the culture of the area is very eclectic, the ethnic groups are mixed, and the political frontiers are oscillating according to obscure diplomatic interests. Average temperatures during the summer usually rest at around 120 degrees Fahrenheit (49 degrees Celsius), while the winters are somewhat milder. 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